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Table 3 Comparing countries by aspects of mental health

From: Medical students’ health behaviour and self-reported mental health status by their country of origin: a cross-sectional study

Scales of SF-36 Mean (SD) 95 % CI of mean Median Comparing groups
Role limitations due to emotional problems Total 70.6 (39.10) 67.5–73.7 100  
Mediterraneane 76.3 (39.23) 66.9–85.8 100 H(4) = 67.420* (η2 = 0.095)
Scandinaviane 79.7 (35.58) 73.7–85.6 100
Israele 85.8 (29.57) 80.0–91.6 100
Irane 80.0 (33.63) 69.9–90.1 100
Hungarya,b,c,d 57.1 (40.74) 52.2–62.0 66.7
Vitality Total 58.4 (19.34) 56.9–59.9 60  
Mediterranean 58.9 (17.53) 54.7–63.1 60 F(4) = 8.974* (η2 = 0.055)
Scandinaviane 63.7 (17.63) 60.8–66.7 65
Israele 63.5 (17.36) 60.1–66.9 65
Iran 58.0 (17.26) 52.7–63.2 60
Hungaryb,c 53.6 (20.53) 51.2–56.1 55
Emotional well-being Total 72.2 (17.86) 70.8–73.6 76  
Mediterranean 72.9 (15.90) 69.1–76.8 76 F(4) = 12.641* (η2 = 0.074)
Scandinaviand,e 78.8 (15.29) 76.3–81.4 84
Israele 76.4 (14.03) 73.6–79.1 80
Iranb 69.3 (14.35) 64.9–73.6 70
Hungaryb,c 67.3 (19.86) 65.0–69.7 72
Social functioning Total 77.3 (23.02) 75.5–79.1 87.5  
Mediterranean 75.4 (24.82) 69.4–81.3 87.5 H(4) = 45.698* (η2 = 0.065)
Scandinaviand,e 83.7 (21.18) 80.2–87.2 87.5
Israeld,e 85.5 (17.21) 82.2–88.9 87.5
Iranb,c 71.3 (20.63) 65.0–77.6 75
Hungaryb,c 72.2 (24.15) 69.3–75.1 75
  1. Note: *p < 0.001. aMediterranean, bScandinavian, cIsrael, dIran, eHungary. Upper indexes in cells indicate significant mean difference between certain subsamples