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Table 2 Univariate and multivariate models of association between BPD classification and violence outcomes in a joint UK household survey (N = 14,753)

From: Borderline personality disorder and violence in the UK population: categorical and dimensional trait assessment

  BPD SCID-II
Outcomes n (%) OR 95 % CI AORa 95 % CI
Any violence 80 (36.5) 5.39 3.87,7.49*** 1.47 0.92,2.36
Intoxicated 52 (23.9) 7.38 5.01,10.88*** 1.61 0.90,2.89
Minor violence 17 (7.6) 1.96 1.07,3.58* 0.91 0.46,1.82
Severity      
 5 > incidents 25 (11.3) 6.48 3.92,10.70*** 1.63 0.82,3.25
 Victim injured 26 (11.7) 4.13 2.59,6.60*** 0.71 0.37,1.34
Victim types      
 IPV 32 (14.7) 11.79 7.53,18.46*** 1.90 1.03,3.51*
 Family memberb 8 (3.7) 3.87 1.84,8.17*** 1.28 0.51,3.21
 Friend 22 (10.1) 5.96 3.45,10.29*** 1.30 0.57,2.95
 Person known 27 (12.3) 4.39 2.68,7.19*** 0.97 0.49,1.92
 Stranger 34 (15.7) 3.76 2.38,5.92*** 1.01 0.54,1.87
Locations      
 Own home 32 (14.7) 9.98 6.35,15.67*** 2.17 1.19,3.94*
 Street 53 (24.0) 5.52 3.84,7.93*** 1.33 0.77,2.32
 Bar/pub 37 (16.8) 6.13 3.94,9.52*** 1.47 0.78,2.77
  1. Note. Weighted percentages (column) and estimates
  2. aAdjusted for gender, age, marital status, social class and ethnicity; drug and alcohol dependence, psychosis, ASPD and anxiety disorder
  3. bNot adjusted for psychosis due to complete separation (i.e., non-exposed cases perfectly predict outcome)
  4. *p < 0.05, **p <0.01, ***p <0.001