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Table 3 Factors associated with help-seeking behavior from a health facility for postpartum depression symptoms at Sodo district, 2014 (n = 385)

From: Treatment gap and help-seeking for postpartum depression in a rural African setting

Characteristics Help-seeking from health facility Crude odds ratio (95 % confidence interval) AOR(95 % CI)
  Yes N (%) No N (%)   
Socio-demographic factors     
 Age in years (mean = 28.8, SD = 5.23)    1.03 (0.97,1.09) 0.96 (0.88, 1.04)
Residence     
 Rural 42 (11.6) 321 (88.4) 1 1
 Urban 7 (31.8) 15 (68.2) 3.56 (1.37, 9.25) 4.39 (1.23, 15.68)
Education     
 No formal education 38 (12.3) 270 (87.7) 1 1
 Formal education 11 (14.3) 66 (85.7) 0.84 (0.41, 1.74) 0.97 (0.37, 2.52)
Experienced hunger     
 Yes 19 (15.1) 107 (84.9) 1.35 (0.73, 2.51) 0.70 (0.30, 1.67)
 No 30 (11.6) 229 (88.4) 1 1
Relative wealth     
 Lower 22 (12.9) 149 (87.1) 1 1
 Same or better 27 (19.3) 187 (80.7) 1.02 (0.56, 1.86) 0.56 (0.05, 5.36)
Social support     
 Good 34 (28.8) 247 (71.2) 2.65 (1.38, 5.11) 2.44 (1.30, 4.56)
 Poor 15 (14.4) 89 (85.6) 1 1
Perceived cause     
 Psychosocial 15 (6.5) 216 (93.5) 4.17 (2.02, 8.59) 4.24 (1.94, 9.26)
 Physical 20 (22.5) 69 (77.5) 8.64 (2.76, 27.00) 6.61 (1.76, 24.80)
 Supernatural 6 (37.5) 10 (62.5) 2.81 (1.19, 7.05) 2.85 (1.06, 7.67)
 I don’t know 8 (16.3) 41 (83.7) 1 1
Perceived severity     
 Severe 30 (49.3) 123 (50.7) 2.73 (1.47, 5.06) 2.28 (1.41, 5.47)
 Not severe 19 (16) 213 (84) 1 1
Perceived need for treatment     
 Yes 46 (17.1) 223 (82.9) 1.77 (2.36, 25.53) 1.46 (1.57, 18.99)
 No 3 (5.4) 113 (94.6) 1 1
 Want to solve problem self 26 (19.9) 231 (80.1) 0.24 (0.09, 0.65) 0.51 (0.30, 0.88)
 Professional care wouldn’t help 8 (12.4) 116 (87.6) 0.47 (0.25, 0.89) 0.55 (0.28, 1.09)
 Thinking no problem 9 (11.7) 142 (88.3) 0.38 (0.20, 0.72) 0.36 (0.18, 0.71)
 Concern about what friends think 17 (42.3) 78 (57.7) 2.90 (1.70, 4.94) 2.45 (1.21, 4.96)
PHQ score    1.13 (1.04, 1.23) 1.14 (1.04, 1.25)
 WHODAS Score    1.45 (1.03, 2.05) 1.06 (1.00, 1.15)