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Table 3 Symptom burden

From: A case series of 223 patients with depersonalization-derealization syndrome

  DDS (n = 223) Only Depressed Group (n = 1129) ANCOVA Test
DDS vs Only Depressed Group
  Adjusted mean SE 95 % CI Adjusted mean SE 95 % CI Estimated difference (SE) 95 % CI p-value
Severity of depersonalization (CDS-2) 4.9 0.14 4.7, 5.3 1.9 0.06 1.8, 2.0 3.1 (0.15) 2.8, 3.4 <0.0001
Severity of depression (PHQ-9) 15.3 0.42 14.5, 16.1 16.1 0.18 15.7, 16.4 -0.8 (0.46) -1.7, 0.1 0.088
Severity of anxiety (GAD-7) 12.3 0.37 11.5, 12.9 12.3 0.16 11.9, 12.6 -0.1 (0.41) -0.9, 0.8 0.900
Severity of social anxiety (Mini-Spin) 4.9 0.26 4.4, 5.4 5.4 0.11 5.2, 5.6 -0.6 (0.28) -1.1, -0.0 0.049
Severity of somatoform symptoms (PHQ-15) 11.2 0.39 10.4, 11.9 13.5 0.18 13.1, 13.8 -2.3 (0.44) -3.2, -1.4 <0.0001
General severity index (GSI) of the SCL-9 1.9 0.06 1.8, 2.0 1.9 0.03 1.9, 2.0 -0.1 (0.07) -0.2, 0.1 0.190
  1. ANCOVA (df =1), covariates age and sex; data are presented as age and sex adjusted means, standard error (SE) and 95 % confidence interval (95 % CI); DDS, patients with depersonalization-derealization syndrome