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Table 5 Functional impairment as self-rated with the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) and as clinician rated with the Global Assessment of Functioning scale (GAF)

From: A case series of 223 patients with depersonalization-derealization syndrome

  DDS (n = 217) Only Depressed Group (n = 1027) ANCOVA Test
DDS vs Only Depressed Group
  Adjusted mean SE 95 % CI Adjusted mean SE 95 % CI Estimated difference (SE) 95 % CI p-value
SDS: Impairment of work/school 7.9 0.2 7.5, 8.3 7.3 0.09 7.1, 7.4 0.6 (0.2) 0.1, 1.1 0.011
SDS: Impairment of social life 8.1 0.19 7.7, 8.4 7.4 0.08 7.2, 7.6 0.7 (0.2) 0.2, 1.1 0.002
SDS: Impairment of home life 7.2 0.19 6.8, 7.6 6.9 0.09 6.8, 7.1 0.3 (0.2) -0.2, 0.7 0.256
SDS mean 7.7 0.17 7.4, 8.0 7.2 0.07 7.1, 7.4 0.5 (0.2) 0.1, 0.9 0.006
GAF during the last year 54.5 0.91 52.7, 56.3 59.6 0.40 58.8, 60.3 -5.0 (1.0) -7.0, -3.1 <0.0001
GAF last seven days 49.7 0.73 48.2, 51.1 51.7 0.32 51.1, 52.4 -2.1 (0.8) -3.7, -0.5 0.010
  1. ANCOVA (df =1), covariates age and sex; data are presented as age and sex adjusted means, standard error (SE) and 95 % confidence interval (95 % CI); SDS, Sheehan Disability Scale; GAF, Global Assessment of Functioning; GAF during the last year, best level of functioning during the last year; GAF last seven days, indicated the current level of functioning; DDS, patients with depersonalization-derealization syndrome