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Table 6 Association of common psychosocial stressors with Depersonalization-Derealization-Syndrome after multivariate adjustment

From: A case series of 223 patients with depersonalization-derealization syndrome

“Bothered a lot” by any of the following problems in the last 4 weeks: DDS (n = 223) Only Depressed Group (n = 1129) Age and sex adjusted OR (95 % CI), p
a) Worrying about your health 61.6 % (135) 63.1 % (685) 1.23 (0.89, 1.69), p = 0.204
b) Your weight or how you look 27.3 % (60) 39.9 % (433) 0.93 (0.92, 0.95), p = 0.003
c) Little or no sexual desire or pleasure during sex 24.1 % (52) 33.6 % (355) 0.83 (0.58, 1.19), p = 0.312
d) Difficulties with husband/wife, partner/lover or boyfriend/girlfriend 18.9 % (39) 33.2 % (345) 0.49 (0.34, 0.73), p < 0.0001
e) The stress of taking care of children, parents, or other family members 21.8 % (25) 23.9 % (254) 0.63 (0.40, 1.01), p = 0.053
f) Stress at work outside of the home or at school 27.8 % (59) 45.0 % (465) 0.50 (0.36, 0.71), p < 0.0001
g) Financial problems or worries 24.5 % (54) 37.2 % (401) 0.59 (0.42, 0.83), p = 0.003
h) Having no one to turn to when you have a problem 29.2 % (44) 32.3 % (348) 0.58 (0.40, 0.84), p = 0.004
i) Something bad that happened recently 12.7 % (27) 26.6 % (280) 0.48 (0.31, 0.75), p = 0.001
j) Thinking or dreaming about something terrible that happened to you in the past … 19.3 % (42) 33.5 % (358) 0.55 (0.38, 0.81), p < 0.0001
  1. Data are presented as percentage and numbers in brackets; age and sex adjusted logistic regression analysis, odds ratio (OR), 95 % confidence interval (95 % CI), the stressors were included individually with the covariates age, sex and current partnership; the item a) to j) from the PHQ assessing major psychosocial stressors have been dichotomized (“not bothered” or “little bothered” = 0 versus bothered “a lot” = 1); DDS, patients with depersonalization-derealization syndrome