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Table 8 Severity of traumatic childhood experiences

From: A case series of 223 patients with depersonalization-derealization syndrome

  DDS (n = 223) Only Depressed Group (n = 1129) ANCOVA Test
DDS vs Only Depressed Group
  Adjusted mean SE 95 % CI Adjusted mean SE 95 % CI Estimated difference (SE) 95 % CI p-value
CTQ total score 48.8 1.28 46.3, 51.3 47.8 0.43 46.9, 48.6 -1.4 (1.5) -4.3, 1.6 0.362
CTQ: emotional neglect 12.8 0.39 12.0, 13.6 12.0 0.13 11.8, 12.3 -0.1 (0.4) -0.9, 0.8 0.891
CTQ: emotional abuse 10.0 0.35 9.3, 10.7 9.3 0.12 9.1, 9.5 0.1 (0.4) -0.8, 0.9 0.841
CTQ: sexual abuse 5.6 0.22 5.1, 6.0 6.1 0.07 5.9, 6.2 -0.6 (0.3) -1.1, -0.1 0.023
CTQ: physical abuse 6.1 0.24 5.6, 6.5 6.6 0.08 6.5, 6.8 -0.8 (0.3) -1.4, -0.3 0.005
CTQ: physical neglect 7.6 0.22 7.2, 8.1 7.7 0.07 7.5, 7.8 -0.2 (0.3) -0.7, 0.3 0.381
CTQ: denial/minimization 0.5 0.02 0.4, 0.5 0.4 0.06 0.2, 0.5 0.0 (0.1) -0.1, 0.1 0.909
  1. ANCOVA (df =1), covariates age and sex; data are presented as age and sex adjusted means, standard error (SE) and 95 % confidence interval (95 % CI); CTQ, Childhood Trauma Questionnaire; for the interpretation of the above scores the following cut-points for clinically significant traumatization might be helpful: emotional neglect (≥15), emotional abuse (≥10), sexual abuse (≥8), physical abuse (≥8), physical neglect (≥10); DDS, patients with depersonalization-derealization syndrome