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Table 2 Lifetime and past-year prevalence of nonmedical prescription drug use in selected subgroups, EU-Meds, 2014

From: Nonmedical use of prescription drugs in the European Union

  Past-Year, %a (SE)b Lifetime, %a (SE)b
Characteristic Stimulants Opioids Sedatives Stimulants Opioids Sedatives
Country       
 Denmark 2.5 (0.4) 4.4 (0.5) 3.8 (0.5) 6.0 (0.6) 11.6 (0.8) 7.8 (0.6)
 Germany 2.2 (0.2) 2.9 (0.2) 2.8 (0.2) 5.8 (0.3) 9.6 (0.4) 5.5 (0.3)
 Great Britain 3.9 (0.5) 6.2 (0.5) 5.7 (0.5) 9.1 (0.6) 14.6 (0.7) 10.1 (0.6)
 Spain 2.4 (0.3) 6.8 (0.5) 9.2 (0.6) 6.8 (0.4) 18.3 (0.7) 17.9 (0.7)
 Sweden 2.6 (0.4) 3.8 (0.5) 7.5 (0.6) 6.1 (0.6) 11.3 (0.7) 12.4 (0.8)
P-Value P < .001 P < .001 P < .001 P < .001 P < .001 P < .001
Sex       
 Male 3.8 (0.3) 5.7 (0.3) 6.4 (0.4) 9.5 (0.4) 15.4 (0.5) 11.6 (0.4)
 Female 1.8 (0.2) 4.2 (0.2) 5.2 (0.3) 4.4 (0.2) 11.6 (0.4) 10.2 (0.3)
P-Value P < .001 P < .001 P < .001 p < .001 P < .001 P = .016
Race       
 White 2.5 (0.2) 4.9 (0.2) 5.4 (0.2) 6.5 (0.3) 13.5 (0.4) 10.6 (0.3)
 Non-white 6.0 (1.0) 8.0 (1.1) 9.0 (1.2) 14 (1.3) 19.5 (1.5) 13.7 (1.3)
P-Value P < .001 P < .001 P < .001 P < .001 P < .001 P < .015
Age, years       
 12–17 1.0 (0.2) 1.6 (0.3) 1.2 (0.2) 1.9 (0.3) 3.5 (0.4) 1.6 (0.3)
 18–29 3.6 (0.3) 5.1 (0.4) 6.3 (0.4) 8.9 (0.5) 13.1 (0.6) 10.2 (0.5)
 30–49 2.6 (0.2) 5.5 (0.3) 6.3 (0.3) 6.6 (0.3) 15.3 (0.4) 12.7 (0.3)
P-Value P < .001 P < .001 P < .001 P < .001 P < .001 P < .001
Marital Statusc       
 Never married 2.9 (0.2) 4.6 (0.2) 5.8 (0.3) 6.8 (0.3) 11.9 (0.4) 10.5 (0.4)
 Married/cohabitating 3.2 (0.3) 6.1 (0.4) 5.9 (0.3) 7.7 (0.5) 16.4 (0.6) 11.7 (0.5)
 Divorced/separated/widowed 1.9 (0.3) 4.3 (0.4) 5.7 (0.5) 6.2 (0.5) 13.0 (0.6) 10.6 (0.6)
P-Value P = .027 P = .002 P = .908 P = .074 P < .001 P = .100
Employment       
 Full/Part time 2.9 (0.3) 4.9 (0.3) 5.4 (0.3) 7.4 (0.3) 14.2 (0.4) 10.8 (0.4)
 Unemployed 3.3 (0.5) 6.4 (0.7) 8.3 (0.7) 8.5 (0.8) 17.6 (1.1) 16.1 (1.1)
 Student 1.8 (0.3) 2.6 (0.3) 3.9 (0.5) 4.3 (0.4) 7.1 (0.6) 5.6 (0.5)
 Not in labor force 2.9 (0.4) 7.1 (0.6) 7.7 (0.6) 7.4 (0.6) 15.4 (0.8) 13.3 (0.8)
P-Value P = .022 P < .001 P < .001 P < .001 P < .001 P < .001
  1. aEstimate based on weighted data. bSample size is unweighted. cSample restricted to ages 18 or older. P-Value tests (Wald) for differences in NMPDU between levels of characteristic
  2. SE, standard error