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Table 2 Joint display linking quantitative results and qualitative comments related to intended gatekeeper behavior

From: Brief gatekeeper training for suicide prevention in an ethnic minority population: a controlled intervention

Variable Group Pre score Post score P-value Comments about intervention
Gatekeeper behavior (total) Control 4.04 ± 0.78 4.09 ± 0.75 0.80 “Stop to help. Ask and show care and concern.” (E2_007) “Reach out and listen.” (J1_018) "Actions such as reaching out, being there for someone can help prevent even one person thinking about suicide from killing him/herself." (J1_002)
Intervention 4.02 ± 0.90 4.57 ± 0.62 <0.001
Directly ask about suicidal thoughts (Question) Control 3.38 ± 1.48 3.59 ± 1.37 0.55
Intervention 3.66 ± 1.43 4.25 ± 1.11 0.01
Encourage to seek mental health treatment (Persuade) Control 4.49 ± 0.72 4.44 ± 0.75 0.79
Intervention 4.38 ± 0.98 4.74 ± 0.57 0.01
Provide a specific phone number to get help (Refer) Control 4.26 ± 0.91 4.23 ± 0.92 0.92 Mixed methods interpretation
Intervention 4.01 ± 1.12 4.76 ± 0.61 <0.001 Qualitative comments confirm quantitative results.
  1. Score range was on a five-point scale from 1 (“very unlikely”) to 5 (“very likely”)