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Table 3 Joint display linking quantitative results and qualitative comments related to self-efficacy

From: Brief gatekeeper training for suicide prevention in an ethnic minority population: a controlled intervention

Variable Group Pre score Post score P-value Comments about intervention
Self-efficacy (total) Control 3.25 ± 0.89 3.54 ± 0.85 0.17 “Everyone can participate in improving the suicidal problem.” (E2_002) “Suicide CAN be prevented.” (E2_011) “Nobody else is going to take care of this ‘problem.’ We all need to help one another instead of being apathetic.” (E2_027)
Intervention 3.30 ± 0.79 4.09 ± 0.77 <0.001
Confident in helping someone with a mental health concern Control 3.16 ± 1.05 3.47 ± 1.21 0.25
Intervention 3.30 ± 1.11 4.22 ± 0.81 <0.001
Would be easy to directly ask question Control 3.21 ± 1.42 3.44 ± 1.37 0.49 Mixed methods interpretation
Intervention 3.26 ± 1.43 3.94 ± 1.12 <0.01
Can persuade someone to get help Control 3.53 ± 1.03 3.68 ± 0.77 0.49 Qualitative comments expand on quantitative results.
Intervention 3.73 ± 0.91 4.22 ± 0.94 <0.01
Can tell if someone close is at risk Control 3.08 ± 1.04 3.56 ± 0.82 0.04
Intervention 2.95 ± 1.07 4.00 ± 0.82 <0.001
  1. Score range was on a five-point scale from 1 (“strongly disagree”) to 5 (“strongly agree”)