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Table 4 Joint display linking quantitative results and qualitative comments related to social norms

From: Brief gatekeeper training for suicide prevention in an ethnic minority population: a controlled intervention

Variable Group Pre score Post score P-value Comments about intervention
Social norms (total) Control 2.88 ± 0.86 3.26 ± 0.98 0.08 “Cultural background [is] contributing to the problem.” (E2_005) “Politics should be more concerned and involved.” (E2_013) “We need different perspectives (from other cultures) to improve our situation in Japan.” (E2_028) “I felt that it is important to further promote this film in Japan. I feel that it is necessary to spread knowledge that there are things that can’t be excused by saying ‘This is a Japanese national trait.” (J1_012)
Intervention 2.69 ± 1.02 3.21 ± 1.03 0.01
Most people would seek help from a mental health provider Control 2.66 ± 0.85 3.06 ± 1.01 0.07
Intervention 2.38 ± 1.10 2.89 ± 1.18 0.01
Most people would approve of seeking help from a mental health provider Control 3.10 ± 1.06 3.47 ± 1.08 0.15 Mixed methods interpretation
Intervention 3.00 ± 1.22 3.54 ± 1.20 0.01 Qualitative comments expand on quantitative results
  1. Score range was on a five-point scale from 1 (“strongly disagree”) to 5 (“strongly agree”)