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Table 3 The neuropsychology of the patients

From: Clinical and neuropsychological characteristics of general paresis misdiagnosed as primary psychiatric disease

Variable GP misdiagnosed (n = 19) GP not misdiagnosed (n = 18) p value
MMSE 11 (range 0 to 23) 15 (range 0 to 23) 0.417
Delusions 10 (52.6 %) 7 (38.9) 0.402
Hallucinations 8 (42.1 %) 5 (27.8 %) 0.362
Agitation 16 (84.2 %) 8 (44.4 %) 0.011
Depression 11 (57.9 %) 5 (27.8 %) 0.065
Anxiety 11 (57.9 %) 6 (33.3 %) 0.130
Euphoria 10 (52.6 %) 4 (22.2 %) 0.057
Apathy 13 (68.4 %) 9 (50 %) 0.254
Disinhibition 5 (26.3 %) 4 (22.2 %) 0.772
Irritability 12 (63.2 %) 10 (55.6 %) 0.638
Abnormal motor behavior 8 (42.1 %) 3 (16.7 %) 0.091
Nighttime behavior 10 (52.6 %) 5 (27.8 %) 0.124
Appetite and eating disorders 4 (21.1 %) 3 (16.7 %) 0.734
Total 36.6 ± 1.8 18.2 ± 3.0 0.021
  1. GP misdiagnosed, general paresis misdiagnosed as primary psychiatric disease, GP not misdiagnosed, general paresis was diagnosed once see a doctor, Total the sum of the 12 items’ frequency*severity, MMSE Mini-Mental State Examination