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Table 1 Prevalence of physical conditions among sociodemographic groups and PTE types (n = 4351)

From: Associations between lifetime potentially traumatic events and chronic physical conditions in the South African Stress and Health Survey: a cross-sectional study

   Type of physical condition (%)a
  Total sample Arthritis Cardio-vascular Respiratory Chronic pain Other Condition Any physical condition
Total (n; %) 4351 (100 %) 455 (10 %) 915 (19.5 %) 843 (19.1 %) 2055 (46.6 %) 729 (16.5 %) 2656 (60.2 %)
Sex        
 Female 53.6 13.7 25.9 19.6 53.6 18 66.8
 Male 46.4 5.8 12.2 18.6 38.5 14.9 52.6
p-value*   <.0001 <.0001 0.434 <.0001 0.009 <.0001
Age        
 18–29 39.1 2.4 5.7 17.8 38.9 9.3 49.1
 30–44 32.1 7.1 15.4 19.1 46.4 16.6 59.8
 45–59 20 19.2 37.7 20.5 54.2 24.5 72.2
 60+ 8.7 33.6 55.2 22.7 64.1 29.5 83.3
p-value*   <.0001 <.0001 0.193 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001
Marital Status        
 Currently married 50.6 13 25 20.2 51.6 19.4 64.8
 Previously married 6.5 19.7 39.2 15.6 55.1 20.3 76.6
 Never Married 42.9 5.2 10.3 18.7 39.8 12.7 52.7
p-value*   <.0001 <.0001 0.219 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001
Education        
 Low (0–2 years) 15.2 6.9 12 20.9 39.8 13.4 53.4
 Low-avg (3–7 years) 58.3 7.1 14.5 18.2 43 13.7 56.5
 High-avg (8–12 years) 17.4 18.3 34.3 20.3 59.1 23.1 73
 High (13+ yrs) 9.1 19.2 36.8 21 59 25.2 73.6
p-value*   <.0001 <.0001 0.582 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001
Employment status        
 Employed 49.7 7.2 16.5 19.2 42.6 15 58
 Unemployed 30.8 12 19.3 19.3 51.9 18.8 64.1
 Homemaker 9.8 34.2 55.5 22.4 66.6 31.1 86.4
 Retired 2.6 31.5 57.1 28.2 65.3 26.6 81.5
 Other 7.1 14.7 20.2 20.7 42.2 14.8 56.6
p-value*   <.0001 <.0001 0.561 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001
Race        
 White 9.4 12.4 18.9 20.6 36.6 17.4 56.6
 Black 75 9.6 19.9 18.8 48.6 16.9 61
 Colored 10.2 11.5 19.5 19.4 43.1 13.4 57.8
 Indian 3.1 9.8 15.9 25.3 48.2 17 66.1
 Other 2.3 9.3 15.8 13.6 34.9 14.9 49.2
p-value*   0.631 0.802 0.577 0.01 0.604 0.255
Type of PTE        
 War 11.2 10.4 21.5 31.9 50 21.5 65.6
p-value*   0.795 0.382 <.0001 0.276 0.009 0.073
Physical violence 32.9 10.6 21.7 24.3 55.6 20.6 67.8
p-value*   0.36 0.029 <.0001 <.0001 0.0003 <.0001
Sexual violence 28.4 14.1 26.8 27.9 60.1 25 72.8
p-value*   <.0001 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001
Accident 6.3 7.9 22.3 28.5 56.2 28 69
p-value*   0.332 0.226 0.002 0.015 <.0001 0.012
Unexpected death 31.3 14.1 26.4 24.6 56 21.5 70
p-value*   <.0001 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001 0.0003 <.0001
Network trauma 11.3 19.2 35 22.2 65.6 26.4 79.2
p-value*   <.0001 <.0001 0.128 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001
Witness 23.3 10.7 20.7 24.5 53.6 22.1 64.7
p-value*   0.539 0.357 <.0001 0.0003 <.0001 0.015
Any trauma 66.8 11.6 22.4 22.8 52.3 19.5 66
p-value*   <.0001 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001
  1. aTotals represent the column totals for each demographic sub-population
  2. *P-values represent the chi-sq test for differences in the frequency of PTE exposure among groups reporting each physical condition vs. not reporting that physical condition