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Table 2 Prevalence of cumulative Potentially Traumatic Events (PTEs) among sociodemographic groups (n = 4351)

From: Associations between lifetime potentially traumatic events and chronic physical conditions in the South African Stress and Health Survey: a cross-sectional study

  Cumulative lifetime PTEs (%)a Any PTE % with PTSD
  0 1 2 3 4 5+ p-value % p-value % p-value
Total (n; %) 1309 (27.8 %) 1005 (23.1 %) 917 (21.6 %) 591 (14.3 %) 328 (8.1 %) 199 (5.1 %) <.0001 3040 (72.2 %) <.0001 91 (2.2 %) <.0001
Sex            
 Female 27.7 23.6 21.7 14.6 8.3 4 <.0001 52.6 0.098 2.5 0.327
 Male 25.4 19.8 21.4 15.3 10.7 7.4   47.4   1.9  
Age            
 18–29 31.1 23.5 19.6 14.3 6.9 4.7 0.092 68.9 0.008 1.4 0.168
 30–44 25.6 21.8 22.8 15.3 8.5 6   74.4   2.4  
 45–59 24.1 23.7 23.1 13.9 9.9 5.4   75.9   3.2  
 60+ 29.8 23.4 23.6 11.6 8.1 3.5   70.2   3.1  
Marital Status            
 Currently married 26.1 22 23.1 14.2 9.2 5.4 0.009 73.9 0.013 2.4 0.001
 Previously married 21 27.2 17.4 19.4 10.2 4.8   79   6.9  
 Never Married 30.8 23.5 20.6 13.8 6.4 4.8   69.2   1.3  
Education            
 Low (0–2 years) 23.2 23.8 23.4 15.2 8.6 5.8 0.459 76.8 0.069 3.2 0.164
 Low-avg (3–7 years) 27.9 22.8 21.4 14.3 8.1 5.5   72.1   1.8  
 High-avg (8–12 years) 30.3 21.7 23.1 13.2 7.4 4.4   69.7   2.5  
 High (13+ yrs) 29.7 25.3 18.4 15.2 8.6 2.9   70.3   2.8  
Employment status            
 Employed 23.2 21.3 23.5 16 10.1 5.9 0.492 76.8 0.246 2.4 0.173
 Unemployed 21.7 23 22.1 16.3 9.4 7.6   78.3   2.2  
 Homemaker 27.1 20.2 27.4 11.9 10.3 3.2   72.9   5.2  
 Retired 25.6 25 24.6 13.5 4.2 6.9   74.4   6.5  
 Other 17.6 26.9 17.5 19.3 9.2 9.5   82.4   1.7  
Race            
 White 26.6 23.2 23.4 11.7 10.8 4.3 0.10 73.4 0.155 3.8 0.118
 Black 27.1 22.7 22 15 7.7 5.5   72.9   2  
 Colored 35 24.4 17.3 13 7.7 2.6   65   3.1  
 Indian 24.3 26.6 28.9 10.9 4.7 4.5   75.7   0.2  
 Other 26.1 25 12.9 12.3 15.2 8.5   73.9   2.9  
  1. aDoes not include the PTE 'life-threatening illness’
  2. P-values represent the differences in trends in the cumulative number of lifetime PTEs among demographic groups