Skip to main content

Table 3 Multivariable odds ratios between each type of PTE and previous year physical conditions (n = 4351)

From: Associations between lifetime potentially traumatic events and chronic physical conditions in the South African Stress and Health Survey: a cross-sectional study

  Type of physical condition (OR, 95 % CI)
PTE Type Arthritis Cardio-vascular Respiratory Chronic pain Other Condition Any physical condition
None Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
War 1.33 1.38 2.27 1.40 1.27 1.37
(0.86–2.05) (0.95–2.0) (1.55–3.31) (0.97–2.02) (0.82–1.96) (0.96–1.95)
Physical violence 1.32 1.56 1.50 1.69 1.73 1.61
(0.99–1.76) (1.25–1.96) (1.18–1.89) (1.39–2.07) (1.34–2.24) (1.25–2.08)
Sexual violence 1.56 1.52 1.76 2.06 1.71 1.97
(1.19–2.05) (1.12–2.04) (1.36–2.29) (1.64–2.58) (1.35–2.17) (1.57–2.48)
Accident 0.97 1.06 1.58 1.31 2.08 1.29
(0.56–1.71) (0.66–1.7) (1.03–2.43) (0.76–2.25) (1.44–3.0) (0.73–2.27)
Unexpected death 1.49 1.57 1.56 1.49 1.40 1.51
(1.14–1.94) (1.22–2.02) (1.25–1.94) (1.22–1.81) (1.04–1.89) (1.2–1.9)
Network trauma 1.71 1.84 1.18 2.27 1.89 2.48
(1.16–2.53) (1.36–2.5) (0.86–1.61) (1.7–3.04) (1.3–2.75) (1.72–3.58)
Witness 1.09 1.33 1.62 1.60 1.57 1.41
(0.72–1.64) (0.98–1.8) (1.28–2.07) (1.2–2.14) (1.13–2.19) (1.02–1.93)
Any trauma 1.48 1.71 2.07 1.74 1.76 1.67
(1.06–2.07) (1.22–2.41) (1.57–2.73) (1.37–2.21) (1.32–2.36) (1.34–2.09)
  1. Model is adjusted for sex, age, education, employment, marital status, race/ethnicity, and any mood, anxiety, PTSD, or substance use disorder