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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the participants

From: Suicidal ideation in adolescents and their caregivers: a cross sectional survey in Japan

  Students (n = 185) Caregivers (n = 185)   
  n (%) n (%)   
Sex     
 Male 90 (48.6)    
 Female 95 (51.4)    
Grade     
 First 61 (33.0)    
 Second 58 (31.4)    
 Third 66 (35.7)    
Caregiver     
 Mother   154 (83.2)   
 Father   25 (13.5)   
 Other   6 (3.2)   
  Median (quartile) 95 % CI Median (quartile) 95 % CI Z P
Age, years 14 (13, 14) 13.45-13.73 43 (40, 46) 42.09-43.61   
GHQ score,     
 General illness 4 (3, 5) 3.70-4.33 5 (3, 7) 4.91-5.74 4.82 <0.01
 Somatic symptoms 4 (1, 6) 3.56-4.44 4 (1.5, 6.5) 3.74-4.64 0.63 0.53
 Sleep disturbance 2 (1, 5) 2.97-3.86 4 (2, 8) 4.43-5.47 4.53 <0.01
 Social dysfunction 5 (4, 6) 4.47-5.01 5 (4, 5) 4.72-5.24 1.15 0.25
 Anxiety and dysphoria 3 (1, 6) 3.45-4.45 4 (2, 6) 3.79-4.76 1.09 0.28
 Suicidal depression 0 (0, 4) 1.81-2.80 0 (0, 4) 1.52-2.34 1.18 0.24
POMS score     
 Total mood disturbance 17 (7, 29) 18.04-23.19 16 (8, 30) 17.76-22.64 0.19 0.85
 Tension–anxiety 2 (1, 6) 3.51-4.70 4 (1, 6.5) 3.79-4.87 0.93 0.35
 Depression–dejection 2 (0, 6) 3.06-4.17 2 (0, 4) 2.42-3.40 1.94 0.05
 Anger–hostility 3 (1, 6) 3.64-4.84 4 (2, 6) 4.23-5.36 1.96 0.05
 Vigor 5 (2, 7) 4.49-5.59 4 (2, 7) 3.96-4.87 1.0 0.32
 Fatigue–inertia 6 (3, 10) 6.44-7.94 6 (3, 9.5) 5.97-7.38 0.85 0.40
 Confusion–bewilderment 6 (4, 9) 6.01-7.00 5 (4, 8) 5.48-6.33 1.7 0.09
  1. Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used for statistics. Significant data are shown in bold
  2. CI confidence interval, GHQ the 30-item version of the general health questionnaire, POMS the profile of mood states brief form