Skip to main content

Table 2 Comparison of GHQ and POMS scores between students with and without suicidal ideation

From: Suicidal ideation in adolescents and their caregivers: a cross sectional survey in Japan

  Students without suicidal ideation (n = 166) Students with suicidal ideation (n = 19) U P
  n (%) n (%)   
Sex     
 Male 80 (48.2) 10 (52.6)   
Grade     
 First 57 (34.3) 4 (21.0)   
 Second 49 (29.5) 9 (47.4)   
 Third 60 (36.1) 6 (31.6)   
  Median (quartile) 95 % CI Median (quartile) 95 % CI   
Age, years 14 (13, 14) 13.43-13.72 14 (13, 15) 13.21-14.27 1424.5 0.47
GHQ score     
 General illness 4 (3, 5) 3.73-4.41 3 (2, 4) 2.77-4.29 1334.5 0.27
 Somatic symptoms 4 (1, 6) 3.40-4.31 5 (2, 8) 3.58-6.95 1199.0 0.09
 Sleep disturbance 2 (1, 5) 2.82-3.74 4 (2, 6) 3.12-6.14 1127.5 0.04
 Social dysfunction 5 (4, 6) 4.49-5.04 4 (3, 6) 3.49-5.56 1444.0 0.54
 Anxiety and dysphoria 3 (1, 6) 3.12-4.11 7 (3, 10) 4.95-8.74 832.0 <0.01
 Suicidal depression 0 (0, 3) 1.18-1.92 10 (6, 11) 7.13-10.66 161.0 <0.01
POMS score     
 Total mood disturbance 15 (7, 28) 16.22-21.14 34 (20, 55) 26.61-48.44 839.5 <0.01
 Tension–anxiety 2 (1, 6) 3.14-4.31 7 (2, 12) 4.97-9.88 899.5 <0.01
 Depression–dejection 2 (0, 5) 2.74-3.85 7 (3, 9) 4.23-8.61 905.0 <0.01
 Anger–hostility 3 (1, 5.3) 3.25-4.38 6 (4, 12) 5.15-10.75 870.0 <0.01
 Vigor 5 (2, 7.3) 4.52-5.70 4 (2, 7) 2.89-5.96 1440.0 0.53
 Fatigue–inertia 6 (3, 10) 6.06-7.54 9 (4. 16) 7.34-13.82 1065.5 0.02
 Confusion–bewilderment 5 (4, 8) 5.69-6.63 10 (5, 12) 7.35-11.81 867.0 <0.01
  1. Mann–Whitney U test was used for statistics. Significant data are shown in bold
  2. CI confidence interval, GHQ the 30-item version of the general health questionnaire, POMS the profile of mood states brief form