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Table 3 Comparison of GHQ and POMS scores of caregivers between students with and without suicidal ideation

From: Suicidal ideation in adolescents and their caregivers: a cross sectional survey in Japan

  Caregivers of students without suicidal ideation (n = 166) Caregivers of students with suicidal ideation (n = 19) U P
  Median (quartile) 95 % CI Median (quartile) 95 % CI   
Age, years 43 (39.3, 46) 41.90-43.49 44 (40.5, 48) 41.50-47.09 1139.5 0.27
GHQ score     
 General illness 5 (3, 7) 4.88-5.75 5 (3, 8) 3.85-6.99 1557.5 0.93
 Somatic symptoms 4 (1, 7) 3.74-4.71 3 (2, 5) 2.59-5.20 1507.5 0.75
 Sleep disturbance 4 (2, 8) 4.38-5.49 5 (3, 8) 3.42-6.69 1504.0 0.74
 Social dysfunction 5 (4, 5) 4.60-5.08 5 (5, 7) 4.66-7.66 1172.0 0.05
 Anxiety and dysphoria 4 (2, 6) 3.66-4.62 4 (0, 10) 3.18-7.76 1390.5 0.40
 Suicidal depression 0 (0, 3) 1.23-1.94 5 (1, 10) 2.90-7.09 813.0 <0.01
POMS score     
 Total mood disturbance 15 (8, 30) 16.89-21.87 25 (8, 44) 17.52-37.22 1219.5 0.11
 Tension–anxiety 4 (1, 6) 3.62-4.75 6 (2, 9) 3.55-7.61 1250.0 0.14
 Depression–dejection 2 (0, 4) 2.25-3.18 4 (0, 7) 2.11-7.26 1315.5 0.23
 Anger–hostility 4 (2, 6) 4.15-5.34 5 (2, 8) 3.06-7.36 1480.5 0.66
 Vigor 5 (2, 7) 4.06-5.02 3 (0, 5) 2.00-4.63 1220.0 0.11
 Fatigue–inertia 6 (3, 9) 5.78-7.27 7 (3, 13) 5.58-10.42 1297.5 0.21
 Confusion–bewilderment 5 (4, 7) 5.32-6.19 7 (4, 10) 5.50-8.92 1222.0 0.11
  1. Mann–Whitney U test was used for statistics. Significant data are shown in bold
  2. CI confidence interval, GHQ the 30-item version of the general health questionnaire, POMS the profile of mood states brief form