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Table 1 Features of the studies, participants and the interventions

From: The cost-effectiveness of family/family-based therapy for treatment of externalizing disorders, substance use disorders and delinquency: a systematic review

Study Features study Features participants Features intervention
Coun-try Follow-up (months) Design Disorder Sample size Completed study Age Sex (% male) Intervention Number of sessions per week Treatment duration (weeks)
I C I C I C I C I C
Schoenwald et al., 1996 [32] USA 6 AT RCT SUD 59 59 NS 16 79 MST CAU 2–3b 18–19
French et al., 2003 [22] USA 12a RCT SUD      Trial 1:   
102 564 16 81 MET/CBT5 0–1 6–7
96 16 86 MET/CBT12 0–1 12–14
102 16 84 FSN 1–2 12–14
    Trial 2:   
100 16 79 MET/CBT5 0–1 6–7
100 16 80 ACRA 1–2 12–14
100 16 85 MDFT 1–2 12–14
Sheidow et al., 2004 [23] USA 12 AT RCT PC 115 NS 13 67 MST CAU NS 16
Dennis et al., 2004 [29] USA 12 RCT SUD   564    Trial 1:    
102 16 MET/CBT 0–1 6–7
96 16 5 0–1 12–14
102 16 MET/CBT 1–2 12–14
   12   
100 16 FSN 0–1 6–7
100 16 Trial 2: 1–2 12–14
100 16 MET/CBT 1–2 12–14
5
ACRA
MDFT
McCollister et al., 2009 [24] USA 12 RCT SUD 38 42 NS 1 1 84 81 DC FC NS1 NS1
38    5 5 84   DC + MST
43    15   4   DC + MST + CM
15
French et al., 2008 [25] MEX 7 RCT SUD 30 30 114 16 1 80 83 FFT group NS1 NS1
29    16 6 76   Joint
31    16   84   CBT
Olsson, 2010 [26] SW 24 RCT CD 79 77 NS 15 61 MST CAU NS 12–20
Sheidow et al., 2012 [27] USA 12 RCT SUD 38 4 29 33 15 83 DC FC NS1 NS1
38 2 29     DC + MST
43   37     DC + MST + CM
Cary et al., 2013 [28] ENG 30 RCT DEL 56 52 46 45 15 15 83 82 MST+ CAU 3 20
CAU
Dopp et al. (2014) [30] USA 300 RCT DEL 92 84 70 56 15   69   MST CAU 3–4 21
Borduin et al. (2015) [31] USA 107 RCT DEL 24 24 24 22 14   96   MST-PSB CAU 3 31
  1. Legend: I intervention, C comparator, NS not stated, NS 1 reference to non-accessible article, NA not applicable, USA United States of America, SW Sweden, ENG England, MEX Mexico, SUD substance use disorder, CD conduct disorder, PC psychiatric crisis, MST multisystemic therapy, Joint combination of individual and family therapy, group skill-focused psycho-education group intervention, IT individual treatment, MST-PSB MST for Problem Sexual Behavior, CAU care as usual, FSN family support network, MDFT multidimensional family treatment, MET/CBT12 motivational enhancement treatment/cognitive behavior therapy, 12 sessions; MET/CBT5 motivational enhancement treatment/cognitive behavior therapy, 5 sessions; ACRA adolescent community reinforcement approach, DC drug court with community services, DC + MST drug court with multisystemic therapy, DC + MST + CM drug court with mst and enhanced with a contingency management programs, FFT functional family therapy, FC family court with community services
  2. aCost data was only collected only during 3–9 months
  3. bThe intensity of the treatment was between 2 and 3 times a week; AT after treatment