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Table 7 Description family/family-based interventions

From: The cost-effectiveness of family/family-based therapy for treatment of externalizing disorders, substance use disorders and delinquency: a systematic review

Family/family-based interventions
 MST Target family interaction and the extended social systems in youths with substance abuse problems, delinquency or antisocial behavior / Permits separate meetings adolescent but preference for family /More focus on antisocial behavior/ focused both on family functioning and on extra familial functioning / Treatment team not actively involved as observers and actors but team is only self-reflexive/ Treatment team actively involved as observers and actors /degree of severity higher and combination of more problems
 FFT Target family interaction and the extended social systems in youths with substance abuse problems, delinquency or antisocial behavior/ Almost no separate meetings adolescent /More focus on antisocial behavior/More focused on family functioning less on extra familial functioning/ Treatment team not actively involved as observers and actors but team is only self-reflexive/ explicitly emphasizes therapist is integral part of the system/degree of severity lower
 MDFT Target family interaction and the extended social systems in youths with substance abuse problems, delinquency or antisocial behavior/ Separate meetings adolescent/ Focus on substance abuse / focused both on family functioning and on extra familial functioning /Treatment team not actively involved as observers and actors but team is only self-reflexive/degree of severity higher
  1. Sources: Leukehof et al. and Oudhof et al. (Leukefeld et al., 2008; Oudhof et al., 2009)
  2. MST multisystemic therapy, FFT functional family therapy, MDFT multidimensional family treatment