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Table 2 Demographic, socio-economic, and legal indicators

From: Characteristics of individuals presenting to treatment for primary alcohol problems versus other drug problems in the Australian patient pathways study

  Total sample Alcohol All drugs other than alcohola Cannabinoids Opioids Stimulants
Unweighted sample N 781 378 402 120 110 161
Basic demographics       
 Male (%) 59.6 56.6 62.3 55.3 72.3* 61.3
 Age (Median, IQR) 36.5, 29.3–46.0 41.2, 32.3–49.3 33.8**, 28.0–41.3 32.9*, 25.5–46.1 35.8*, 31.6–41.5 32.7**, 27.8–38.2
 Australia born (%) 79.6 77.3 81.6 82.3 72.3 88.7*
 Aboriginal/Torres Strait Islander (%) 4.9 4.7 5.1 9.2 1.5 4.3
Socio-economic indicators       
 Completed year 12, TAFE, university and/or apprenticeship (%) 49.3 59.7 40.4* 34.3* 48.1* 39.4*
 No employment (past 90 days) (%) 64.4 59.5 68.8 71.4* 73.1* 62.4
 Current unemployment benefits (%) 39.8 33.1 45.5* 38.6 43.8 53.5*
 Current sickness/disability benefits (%) 28.7 28.3 29.2 30.0 37.7 20.4
 Any homelessness (past 90 days) (%) 20.8 18.2 23.1 13.1 30.8* 25.2
Criminal justice system involvement       
 Current criminal justice issue (%) 28.4 22.4 33.7* 23.6 40.5* 37.9*
 Prison (past year) (%) 4.4 3.4 5.3 2.1 8.5* 5.6
 Community-based offender program (past year) (%) 11.0 5.4 15.8* 13.6* 23.3* 10.6
  1. IQR inter-quartile range
  2. Effect size (ES) of pairwise tests relative to alcohol indicated by: *ES > .1, **ES > .3
  3. aDrugs combined includes cannabinoids, opioids, and stimulants, as well as benzodiazepines, GHB, and solvent/volatile inhalants