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Table 5 Past year service use

From: Characteristics of individuals presenting to treatment for primary alcohol problems versus other drug problems in the Australian patient pathways study

  Total sample Alcohol All drugs other than alcohola Cannabinoids Opioids Stimulants
Unweighted sample N 781 378 402 120 110 161
AOD services
 AOD Counseling (%) 49.0 46.3 51.3 50.0 57.7* 45.5
 Withdrawal (%) 27.2 27.0 27.3 24.1 30.8 27.5
 Residential rehabilitation (%) 7.2 6.6 7.9 2.8 14.6* 6.3
Acute medical services
 Ambulance (%) 31.2 37.0 26.1* 22.9* 34.9 21.1*
 ED (%) 50.7 54.3 47.5 35.0* 57.7 50.0
 Hospital inpatient (%) 27.9 29.2 26.9 29.1 29.2 22.5
GP (%) 92.4 95.0 89.9 86.4* 97.7 86.5*
Median GP visits, IQR 7, 4–13 7, 4–12 7, 4–15 6, 3–12 12*, 5–20 6, 2–12
Other community services
 Outpatient mental health service (%) 45.0 42.7 47.0 48.2 48.8 43.3
 Legal aid (%) 30.0 25.1 34.2 27.1 36.9* 38.7*
 Employment service (%) 40.9 39.7 42.0 40.0 50.0 35.9
 Housing/homelessness service (%) 23.4 18.0 28.0* 26.1 30.2* 26.8
  1. AOD alcohol or other drugs, PIT primary index treatment, ED emergency department, GP general practitioner, IQR inter-quartile range
  2. Effect size (ES) of pairwise tests relative to alcohol indicated by: *ES > .1
  3. aDrugs combined includes cannabinoids, opioids, and stimulants, as well as benzodiazepines, GHB, and solvent/volatile inhalants