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Table 6 View on suicide issues and treatment

From: Attitudes toward suicidal behaviour among professionals at mental health outpatient clinics in Stavropol, Russia and Oslo, Norway

  Stavropol Oslo Stavropol Oslo
Total N = 119 (n = 112) Total N = 229 (n = 173) Total N = 348 (n = 285)
Mean (95 % CI) Mean (95 % CI) Mean
Physicians and Nurses Psychologists p Physicians and Nurses Psychologists p   p
Causes of suicide
Psychiatric disorder 3.4 (3.1–3.6) 3.3 (3.1–3.4) ns 3.4 (3.3–3.7) 3.3 (3.2–3.4) ns 3.3–3.4 ns
Inner turmoil and stress 2.5 (2.1–2.9) 3.1 (2.8–3.3) 0.012 2.6 (2.4–2.8) 3.0 (2.8–3.2) 0.003 2.9–2.8 ns
Problems in the family 2.4 (2.1–2.7) 3.0 (2.8–3.2) 0.001 2.7 (2.5–2.9) 2.8 (2.7–3.0) ns 2.8–2.7 ns
Use of alcohol 2.4 (1.9–2.8) 2.2 (2.0–2.4) ns 2.8 (2.7–3.0) 2.8 (2.6–2.9) ns 2.2 –2.8 <0.001
Biological changes in the brain 2.1 (1.7–2.5) 1.6 (1.3–1.8) 0.021 1.9 (1.7–2.1) 1.8 (1.6–2.0) ns 1.9–1.8 ns
Importance of treatment
Psychotherapy 3.5 (3.3 –3.8) 3.7 (3.6–3.8) ns 3.1 (3.0–3.3) 3.6 (3.4–3.7) <0.001 3.6 –3.4 0.001
Sleep and rest 2.3 (1.9–2.6) 2.1 (1.9–2.3) ns 3.0 (2.8–3.2) 2.9 (2.7–3.0) ns 2.2–2.9 <0.001
Psychiatric in-patient treatment 3.0 (2.6–3.3) 2.1 (1.9–2.3) <0.001 2.8 (2.6–3.0) 2.7 (2.5–2.8) ns 2.3–2.7 <0.001
Use of medication 3.1 (2.8–3.5) 1.9 (1.7–2.1) <0.001 2.7 (2.5–2.9) 2.5 (2.3–2.6) 0.050 2.3–2.6 0.002
Family therapy 3.1 (2.8–3.3) 3.3 (3.1–3.4) ns 2.6 (2.5–2.8) 2.6 (2.4–2.8) n 3.2–2.6 <0.001
Talk with priest/imam or others in the church 2.7 (2.4–3.0) 2.4 (2.2–2.6) ns 2.2 (2.0–2.4) 2.0 (1.8–2.2) ns 2.5–2.1 <0.001
Electroconvulsive therapy 0.7 (0.4–0.9) 0.2 (0.1–0.2) <0.001 1.4 (1.2–1–6) 1.4 (1.2–1.6) ns 0.3–1.4 <0.001
Satisfaction with treatment
Long enough/adequate follow-up 2.9 (2.6–3.2) 2.3 (2.1–2.5) 0.003 2.4 (2.2–2.7) 2.0 (1.8–2.2) 0.003 2.5–2.1 <0.001
Opportunity for hospitalisation, if needed 3.0 (2.5–3.4) 2.4 (2.1–2.6) 0.006 2.8 (2.6–3.0) 2.4 (2.2–2.5) 0.002 2.6–2.4 ns
Follow–up as good as that provided to patients with heart disease 3.1 (2.7–3.5) 2.3 (2.0–2.6) 0.001 2.2 (1.9–2.4) 1.7 (1.5–1.9) 0.013 2.5–1.7 <0.001
The suicide of a patient is a professional failure 2.1 (1.8–2.5) 1.7 (1.5–2.0) ns 1.4 (1.2–1.7) 1.4 (1.2–1.5) ns 1.9–1.4 <0.001
  1. 0 = Not at all agree, 1 = In limited degree agree, 2 = In moderate degree agree, 3 = In high degree agree, 4 = In high degree agree
  2. CI = Confidence Interval, Ns = Non significant