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Table 2 Overview clinical and behavioural assessment

From: Personality differences in early versus late suicide attempters

Scale Reference Measure Items Remarks
Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview
Sheehan et al., 1998 15 major adult Axis I diagnostic categories, 1 Axis II disorder and suicidality according ICD 10 and DSM IV   Semi-structured interview
Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression
Hamilton 1969 Depressive symptoms 21 items, 5 point scale rating from 0 to 4 overall score: >23: very severe; 19–22: severe, 14–18: moderate, 8–13: mild, 0–7: no depression Multiple choice questionnaire expert rating
Scale for Suicide Ideation
Beck et al., 1979 Suicidal ideation; 3 dimensions: active suicidal desire, specific plans for suicide, passive suicidal desire 19-items; 3 point scale rating from 0 to 2; range of score: 0 –38, higher scores indicate greater suicidal ideation Semi-structured interview
Temperament and Character Inventory
Cloninger et al. 1994 7 dimensions: temperament (Novelty seeking, Harm Avoidance, Reward Dependence, Persistence) and character traits (Self-directedness, Cooperativeness, Self-transcendence) Each of the dimension has a varying number of subscales, e.g.,: Novelty seeking (NS): Exploratory excitability (NS1), Impulsiveness (NS2), Extravagance (NS3), Disorderliness (NS4), Self- questionnaire in total 240 yes/no items
Barratt Impulsivity Scale
Barratt 1965 Impulsivity; 3 dimensions: non-planning, motor impulsiveness, attentional impulsiveness 30-items; 4 point rating from 1 to 4 Overall score reflects the intensity of impulsiveness Self-rating scale evaluation of lasting personality-markers