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Table 2 Mental health problems in participants with and without childhood trauma

From: Type of childhood maltreatment and the risk of criminal recidivism in adult probationers: a cross-sectional study

  Childhood maltreatment group (n = 107) No childhood maltreatment group (n = 76) P-value
Psychiatric diagnoses, N (%)
At least one diagnosis 60 (56.1) 29 (38.2) 0.017
 Major depressive episode 14 (13.1) 1 (1.3) 0.004
 Dysthymic disorder 3 (2.8) 1 (1.3) 0.498
 Manic/Hypomanic episode 7 (6.5) 5 (6.6) 0.992
 Panic disorder 1 (0.9) 0 (0.0) 0.398
 Agoraphobia 1 (0.9) 0 (0.0) 0.398
 Social phobia 1 (0.9) 1 (1.3) 0.807
 Obsessive compulsive disorder 3 (2.8) 2 (2.6) 0.944
 Posttraumatic stress disorder 2 (1.9) 1 (1.3) 0.771
 Alcohol use disorder 34 (31.8) 22 (28.9) 0.782
 Substance use disorder 3 (2.8) 2 (2.6) 0.944
 Psychotic disorder 4 (3.7) 1 (1.3) 0.322
 Anorexia nervosa 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)  
 Bulimia nervosa 5 (4.7) 2 (2.6) 0.478
 Generalized anxiety disorder 3 (2.8) 1 (1.3) 0.498
 Antisocial personality disorder 7 (6.5) 1 (1.3) 0.088
 Pathologic gambling 6 (5.6) 1 (1.3) 0.136
Internet gaming disorder 4 (3.7) 0 (0.0) 0.088
 ADHDa 5 (4.7) 1 (1.3) 0.209
 Suicidality score, Mean ± SDb 4.36 ± 8.36 0.66 ± 2.27 <0.001
 K-DERS, Mean ± SD 73.80 ± 20.48 62.01 ± 19.62 <0.001
 CD-RISC, total, Mean ± SD 62.88 ± 19.58 74.82 ± 15.98 <0.001
  1. a based on Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale
  2. b Suicidality score based on Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview
  3. Note: ADHD Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, CD-RISC Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, K-DERS Korean version of Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale, SD Standard deviation