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Table 2 Beliefs concerning the causes of depression in ranked order (n = 601)

From: The attitudes and beliefs of Pakistani medical practitioners about depression: a cross-sectional study in Lahore using the Revised Depression Attitude Questionnaire (R-DAQ)

  No. in agreement (%)
Biopsychosocial causes Work related stress 462/584 (79.1)
Traumatic events 409/563 (72.6)
Poverty 400/567 (70.5)
Studies related stress 398/579 (68.7)
Divorce 380/564 (67.4)
Physical abuse 274/538 (50.9)
Misuse of drugs 244/533 (45.8)
Genetic 214/538 (39.8)
Misuse of alcohol 199/525 (37.9)
Any biopsychosocial cause 591/600 (98.5)
Religious and supernatural causes Evil eye 99/516 (19.2)
God’s punishment 94/520 (18.1)
Black magic 69/514 (13.4)
Jinn possession 69/517 (13.3)
Any religious or supernatural cause 198/532 (37.2)