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Table 1 General characteristics and CESD 10 among subjects at the baseline

From: The cross-interaction between global and age-comparative self-rated health on depressive symptoms–considering both the individual and combined effects

  General characteristics CESD 10 score p-value
N % Mean ± SD
Gender     0.387
 Male 3734 43.3 3.78 ± 2.93  
 Female 4887 56.7 3.75 ± 2.97  
Age     <0.001
 −54 2241 26.0 3.48 ± 2.84  
 55–64 2382 27.6 3.63 ± 2.90  
 65–74 2485 28.8 3.92 ± 3.00  
 75− 1513 17.6 4.16 ± 3.09  
Marital status     <0.001
 Single 1954 22.7 4.94 ± 2.99  
 Married 6667 77.3 3.42 ± 2.85  
Region     <0.001
 Metropolitan 3738 43.4 3.50 ± 2.90  
 Small to Medium city 2763 32.0 3.78 ± 3.00  
 Rural area 2120 24.6 4.21 ± 2.93  
Regular exercise     <0.001
 No 5555 64.4 4.13 ± 3.02  
 Yes 3066 35.6 3.11 ± 2.72  
Employment   0.0   <0.001
 Employed 3616 41.9 2.92 ± 2.63  
 Unemployed 5005 58.1 4.37 ± 3.03  
Educational level     <0.001
 Elementary 3942 45.7 4.60 ± 2.99  
 Middle 1474 17.1 3.61 ± 2.89  
 High 2291 26.6 2.92 ± 2.68 <0.001
 College or above 914 10.6 2.55 ± 2.44  
Income level   0.0   
 Lowest 2170 25.2 5.02 ± 3.00  
 Lower 2428 28.2 3.85 ± 2.91  
 Higher 2146 24.9 3.19 ± 2.78 <0.001
 Highest 1877 21.8 2.86 ± 2.63  
Number of chronic diseases     
 None 4018 46.6 3.05 ± 2.72  
 One 2602 30.2 3.93 ± 2.94  
 Two 1329 15.4 4.70 ± 2.95 <0.001
 Three or more 672 7.8 5.62 ± 2.97  
Cancer history     
 Yes 8388 97.3 2.95 ± 0.03  
 No 233 2.7 3.01 ± 0.20  
Excessive health expenditure     <0.001
 < 5.0 % 5166 59.9 3.38 ± 2.84  
 5.0–9.9 % 1372 15.9 3.86 ± 2.94  
 10.0–19.9 % 950 11.0 4.26 ± 3.05 <0.001
 20.0 % − 1133 13.1 5.01 ± 2.99  
Type of medical guarantee   0.0   
 Insurance 8106 94.0 3.65 ± 2.93  
 Medical aid 515 6.0 5.52 ± 2.87  
Co-coverage from private health insurance     <0.001
 Yes 2742 31.8 2.82 ± 2.58  
 No 5879 68.2 4.20 ± 3.02  
Total 8621 100.0 3.77 ± 2.96