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Table 4 Synthesis of the main results regarding patients’ clinical characteristics

From: Pre-discharge factors predicting readmissions of psychiatric patients: a systematic review of the literature

Variables Number of studies resulted significant/Number of studies analysing the variable Main significant resultsa
(bivariate)
Main significant resultsa
(multivariate)
Psychiatric Diagnosis 28/46 Mixed results and different diagnostic groups compared (20) Mixed results and different diagnostic groups compared (17)
Suicide attempt or gesture (history or risk during hospitalization) 3/6 A history of suicide attempt (1) and a family history of suicide (1) risk factors Suicide potential protective factor (1)
GAFb 6/11 Measured in different moments (4) Measured in different moments (3)
Subjective prognosis and risk score 3/5 Symptomatology at discharge (1) and patients required heavy care risk factor (1) Poor prognosis risk factor (1)
  1. aThe number of significant results (when present) is reported in brackets for each variable. Please note that such numbers refer to the papers, and that more than one variable in the same row could be analysed in the same paper; moreover, not all studies conduct both bivariate and multivariate analysis
  2. bSee the text for other results on measures of functioning and psychopathology