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Table 2 Recent use of substances and previous and current SUD between sexes

From: Challenges in detecting and diagnosing substance use in women in the acute psychiatric department: a naturalistic cohort study

  Women
n = 186
Men
n = 198
Comparison between sexes
Variable n (%) n (%) x 2 p
Previously diagnosed SUD 35 (18.8%) 71 (35.9%) 13.369 < .001*
Assessed as influenced by substances at admission 41 (22%) 53 (26.8%) 1.095 .295
Reported recent substance intake 58 (28.8%) 99 (50) 18.413 < .001*
Positive toxicology screening 91 (48.9%) 103 (52) .368 .544
Diagnosed SUD at discharge 44 (23.7%) 92 (46.5) 24.485 < .001*
 • Alcohol use disorder 22 (11.8%) 38 (19.2) 4.610 .032*
 • Prescription drug use disorder 7 (3.8%) 5 (2.5) .019 .890
 • Illegal drug use disorder 15 (7.6%) 49 (24.8) 20.329 < .001*
  1. (%) within gender. Calculations of ratio. x2 estimated by Pearson’s chi-squared test. Significance level p ≤ .05, * statistically significant. SUD substance use disorder