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Table 2 Gender difference in PMPUS score, use patterns and self-control

From: Self-control and problematic mobile phone use in Chinese college students: the mediating role of mobile phone use patterns

Variables Male M ± SD Female M ± SD t
Withdrawal symptoms 15.92 ± 4.72 17.86 ± 4.20 −4.38***
Salience 9.44 ± 2.98 10.07 ± 2.94 −2.20*
Social comfort 6.88 ± 2.41 7.50 ± 2.38 −2.62**
Mood changes 7.19 ± 2.55 7.66 ± 2.23 −2.06*
Interpersonal 17.48 ± 3.66 18.76 ± 2.84 −3.88***
Entertainment 15.01 ± 3.34 16.30 ± 2.92 −4.34***
Transaction 9.40 ± 2.86 10.20 ± 2.32 −3.08**
Information 12.63 ± 2.69 12.92 ± 2.22 −1.17
Self-control 60.01 ± 9.56 59.95 ± 9.93 0.06
  1. Note: *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001