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Table 2 distribution of bipolar patients by factors related to aggressive behaviour attending at Amanual Mental Specialized Hospital; May, 2015

From: Magnitude and associated factors of aggressive behaviour among patients with bipolar disorder at Amanual Mental Specialized Hospital, outpatient department, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: cross-sectional study

  Aggressive behavior
Characteristics Yes No Overall Chisq test (X2)
History of aggression
 Yes 110(33.1%) 222(66.9%) 332(80.8%) 11.34
 No 71(13.9%) 68(86.1%) 79(19.2%)
Number of episode
 One episode 19(16%) 100(84%) 119(29%) 14.64
 More than one episode 102(34.9%) 190(65.1%) 292(71%)
Current medication
Antipsychotic
 Yes 71(28.7%) 176(71.3%) 247(60.1%) .14
 No 50(30.5%) 114(69.5%) 164(39.9%)
Antidepressant
 Yes 15(26.3%) 42(73.7%) 57(13.9%) .311
 No 106(29.9%) 248(70.1%) 354(86.1%)
Mood stabilizer
 Yes 95(30.4%) 218(69.6%) 313(76.5%) .52
 No 26(26.5%) 72(73.5%) 98(23.5%)
Antipsychotic& mood stabilizer
 Yes 4(26.7%) 11(73.3%) 15(3.6%) .06
 No 117(29.5%) 279(70.5%) 396(96.4%)
Adherence
 Poor 69(59% 48(41%) 117(28.5%) 69.40
 Moderate 33(19.6%) 135(80.4%) 168(40.9%)
 High 19(15.1) 107(84.9%) 126(30.6%)
Perceived stress
 Low 31(26.3%) 87(73.7%) 118(28.7%) .98
 Average 24(28.9%) 59(71.1%) 83(20.2%)
 High 66(31.4%) 144(68.6%) 210(51.1%)
Social support
 Poor 53(37.3%) 89(62.7%) 142(34.5%) 7.00
 Moderate 49(26.6%) 135(73.4%) 184(44.8%)
 Strong 19(22.4%) 66(77.6%) 85(20.7%)
Family related problem
 Yes 62(40%) 93(60%) 155(37.7%) 13.36
 No 59(23%) 197(77%) 256(62.3)
Current substance use
 Yes 50(42.7%) 67(57.3%) 117(28.5%) 13.92
 No 71(24.1%) 223(75.9%) 294(71.5%)
Current symptoms
Depressive
 Yes 93(47%) 105(53%) 198(48.2%) 56.51
 No 28(13.1% 185(86.9%) 213(51.8%)
Psychotic
 Yes 100(53.2%) 88(46.8%) 188(45.7%) 103.58
 No 22(9.9%) 201(90.1%) 223(54.3%)
Mania
 Yes 62(60.2%) 41(39.8%) 103(25.1%) 62.58
 No 59(19.2%) 249(80.8%) 308(74.9%)