Skip to main content

Table 2 The associations of the level of personality disturbance with the continuous variables

From: Clinical importance of personality difficulties: diagnostically sub-threshold personality disorders

  No personality disturbance (I) Personality difficulty (II) Simple personality disorder (III) Complex/severe personality disorder (IV)   Post hoc testc
Variable N Mean (SD) or Median [IQR] N Mean (SD) or Median [IQR] N Mean (SD) or Median [IQR] N Mean (SD) or Median [IQR] P  
Age 135 40.95 (11.79) 51 40.18 (10.80) 80 38.60 (12.59) 86 40.24 (12.44) 0.59a None
MHI-5 133 57.89 (21.91) 49 41.88 (21.53) 71 44.17 (19.81) 77 37.82 (19.73) <0.001a I vs. II, I vs. III, I vs. IV
15D 129 0.81 (0.10) 49 0.76 (0.10) 78 0.76 (0.11) 80 0.72 (0.12) <0.001a I vs. II, I vs. III, I vs. IV, III vs. IV
BDI 135 16.72 (8.85) 51 22.38 (8.28) 80 22.56 (9.06) 85 26.06 (9.23) <0.001a I vs. II, I vs. III, I vs. IV, III vs. IV
AUDIT 135 3.00 [5.00] 51 4.00 [7.00] 80 3.00 [5.50] 86 5.00 [7.00] 0.010b I vs. IV
Number of Axis I diagnoses 135 1.00 [1.00] 51 2.00 [2.00] 80 2.00 [2.00] 86 3.00 [1.00] <0.001b I vs. II, I vs. III, I vs. IV, III vs. IV
  1. SD Standard deviation, IQR Interquartile range, MHI-5 Five-item Mental Health Index, BDI Beck Depression Inventory, AUDIT Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test
  2. aOne-way ANOVA
  3. bKruskall-Wallis test
  4. cSignificant differences (p < 0.05) in pair-wise post hoc tests. Tukey’s method for Age, MHI-5, 15D, and BDI; Dwass, Steel, Critchlow-Flinger method for AUDIT and Number of Axis I disorders