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Table 3 The associations of the level of personality disturbance with the diagnosed Axis I disorders

From: Clinical importance of personality difficulties: diagnostically sub-threshold personality disorders

   No personality disturbance Personality difficulty Simple personality disorder Complex/severe personality disorder  
Diagnosis   N % N % N % N % Pa
Bipolar disorder Yes
No
13
127
9.3
90.7
8
43
15.7
84.3
14
67
17.3
82.7
16
72
18.2
81.8
0.17
Depressive disorders Yes
No
91
49
65.0
35.0
42
9
82.3
17.7
60
21
74.1
25.9
72
16
81.8
18.2
0.017
Other mood disorders Yes
No
1
139
0.7
99.3
0
51
0.0
100.0
4
77
4.9
95.1
1
87
1.1
98.9
0.12
Psychotic disorders Yes
No
5
135
3.6
96.4
0
51
0.0
100.0
2
79
2.5
97.5
1
87
1.1
98.9
0.53
Substance use disorders Yes
No
29
111
20.7
79.3
19
32
37.2
62.8
24
57
29.6
70.4
41
47
46.6
53.4
<0.001
Anxiety disorders Yes
No
47
93
33.6
66.4
23
28
45.1
54.9
39
42
48.1
51.9
51
37
58.0
42.0
0.003
Somatoformic disorders Yes
No
3
137
2.1
97.9
2
49
3.9
96.1
3
78
3.7
96.3
8
80
9.1
90.9
0.11
Eating disorders Yes
No
6
134
4.3
95.7
3
48
5.9
94.1
5
76
6.2
93.8
5
83
5.7
94.3
0.89
Adjustment disorders Yes
No
3
137
2.1
97.9
0
51
0.0
100.0
0
81
0.0
100.0
1
87
1.1
98.9
0.58
  1. aChi-square test