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Table 3 Caregivers’ rating of perceived helpfulness/harmfulness for people and interventions

From: Mental health literacy about schizophrenia and depression: a survey among Chinese caregivers of patients with mental disorder

Method of help Schizophrenia (N = 200) Depression (N = 202)
Helpfulness Harmfulness Helpfulness Harmfulness
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
People who could help
 GP or family doctor 125 (62.5) 5 (2.5) 140 (69.3) 6 (3.0)
 Pharmacist 81 (40.5) 25 (12.5) 81 (40.1) 29 (14.4)
 Counselor 148 (74.0) 7 (3.5) 144 (71.3) 5 (2.5)
 Social worker 92 (46.0) 18 (9.0) 92 (45.5) 12 (5.9)
 Telephone counseling service 92 (46.0) 14 (7.0) 100 (49.5) 15 (7.4)
 Psychiatrist 194 (97.0)* 2 (1.0) 184 (91.1) 1 (0.5)
 Mental health nurse 178 (89.0)** 1 (0.5) 157 (77.7) 2 (1.0)
 Psychologist 192 (96.0) 8 (4.0) 188 (93.1) 0 (0)
 Close family members 185 (92.5) 2 (1.0) 177 (87.6) 1 (0.5)
 Close friends 175 (87.5) 3 (1.5) 167 (82.7) 3 (1.5)
 Traditional healer/Chinese medicine doctor 105 (52.5) 15 (7.5) 103 (51.0) 12 (5.9)
 Dealing with problem on his/her own 23 (11.5)* 138 (69.0) 42 (20.8) 127 (62.9)
 Religious leader 14 (7.0) 122 (61.0) 15 (7.4) 110 (54.5)
Interventions
 Becoming more physically active 189 (94.5) 4 (2.0) 194 (96.0) 1 (0.5)
 Reading about the problem 128 (64.0) 6 (3.0) 144 (71.3) 8 (4.0)
 Getting out and learning more 186 (93.0) 1 (0.5) 182 (90.1) 2 (1.0)
 Being kept at home 36 (18.0)** 87 (43.5) 61 (30.2) 62 (30.7)
 Attending courses on relaxation 153 (76.5) 9 (4.5) 164 (81.2) 7 (3.5)
 Massage and having a rest 139 (69.5)** 5 (2.5) 167 (82.7) 1 (0.5)
 Cutting out alcohol 166 (83.0) 10 (5.0) 161 (79.7) 6 (3.0)
 Having occasional drink 23 (11.5)** 112 (56.0) 45 (22.3) 108 (53.5)
 Practicing Chi Kung/Tai Chi therapy 85 (42.5) 18 (9.0) 102 (50.5) 32 (15.8)
 Receiving acupuncture 70 (35.0) 23 (11.5) 83 (41.1) 22 (10.9)
 Receiving psychotherapy 188 (94.0) 1 (0.5) 189 (93.6) 0 (0)
 Participating in hypnosis 112 (56.0) 20 (10.0) 132 (65.3) 16 (7.9)
 Receiving aromatherapy 53 (26.5) 41 (20.5) 68 (33.7) 22 (10.9)
 Being admitted to a psychiatric ward in a general hospital 162 (81.0)** 8 (4.0) 138 (68.3) 26 (12.9)
 Being admitted to a psychiatric hospital 140 (70.0)** 28 (12.0) 104 (51.5) 61 (30.2)
 Receiving electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) 51 (25.5) 95 (47.5) 43 (21.3) 96 (47.5)
 Going on a special diet 91 (45.5) 19 (9.5) 100 (49.5) 15 (7.4)
  1. GP general practitioner. *Difference between two vignettes p < 0.05. **Difference between two vignettes p < 0.01