Skip to main content

Table 4 Means and standard deviations at each time point (those who met inclusion criteria at baseline (CES-D ≥ 16 and PHQ-9 ≥ 5))

From: Effects of five-minute internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy and simplified emotion-focused mindfulness on depressive symptoms: a randomized controlled trial

   iCBT sEFM Waiting list
  Time N M (SD) N M (SD) N M (SD)
CES-D T00 264 25.85 (7.94) 249 26.29 (7.66) 266 25.15 (6.96)
T0 264 27.36 (8.19) 249 27.36 (7.37) 266 26.17 (6.97)
T1 212 24.51 (9.59) 194 25.30 (10.03) 223 25.17 (8.74)
T2 202 25.25 (9.79) 184 25.54 (10.09) 212 24.72 (8.86)
T3 197 24.00 (10.36) 179 25.51 (10.03) 182 22.87 (8.86)
PHQ-9 T00 264 10.53 (3.79) 249 10.52 (3.97) 266 10.39 (3.90)
T0 264 11.06 (4.57) 249 11.27 (4.43) 266 10.81 (4.09)
T1 212 9.75 (4.95) 194 9.95 (5.45) 223 10.42 (5.04)
T2 202 10.46 (5.49) 184 10.27 (5.64) 212 10.20 (5.11)
T3 197 9.89 (5.74) 179 10.35 (5.84) 182 9.06 (4.47)
GAD-7 T0 264 8.04 (4.42) 249 8.38 (4.74) 266 7.66 (4.13)
T1 212 6.83 (4.69) 194 7.56 (4.96) 223 7.18 (4.54)
T2 202 7.65 (5.21) 184 7.94 (5.34) 212 7.30 (4.69)
T3 197 7.08 (4.98) 179 8.01 (5.23) 182 6.96 (4.46)
  1. iCBT internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy, sEFM simplified emotion-focused mindfulness. T00 = initial screening (only for CES-D and PHQ-9), T0 = baseline, T1 = postintervention, T2 = six weeks after T1, T3 = six weeks after T2. CES-D the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale, PHQ-9 the Patient Health Questionnaire-9, GAD-7 the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7