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Table 3 Violent victimization and health service utilization among detainees and matched controls from the general population

From: Violent victimization and health service utilization in a forensic psychiatric context: a comparison between offenders with mental disorders and matched controls

  Detainees
N = 200
n (%) NA
Controls
N = 600
n (%) NA
Crude risk ratio (95% CI) Wald p
Violent victimization
 1. Medical attentiona 33 (16.6) 1 14 (2.4) 12 7.9 [4.0, 15.2] 36.98 <.001
 2. Visible injuryb 63 (31.7) 1 19 (3.2) 12 16.9 [8.6, 32.9] 68.16 <.001
 3. No visible injuryc 47 (23.6) 1 12 (2.0) 12 13.4 [6.8, 26.5] 55.25 <.001
 4. Threat 66 (33.3) 2 31 (5.3) 12 8.7 [5.3, 14.4] 70.81 <.001
 5. Severe violence (1 + 2) 73 (36.7) 1 32 (5.4) 12 10.1 [6.1, 16.8] 79.31 <.001
 6. Violence (1 + 2 + 3) 86 (43.2) 1 41 (7.0) 12 9.3 [5.9, 14.7] 91.54 <.001
 7. Any (1 + 2 + 3 + 4) 104 (52.3) 1 65 (11.1) 12 8.2 [5.4, 12.3] 99.51 <.001
Health service utilization
 8. Appointment 95 (47.7) 1 142 (23.7) 1 2.0 [1.4, 2.8] 16.57 <.001
 9. Unmet need 84 (42.2) 1 100 (16.7) 2 3.4 [2.4, 4.9] 46.58 <.001
  1. Crude risk ratios are calculated by means of Cox regressions. NA missing, CI confidence interval
  2. aSubjected to violence that required medical attention. bSubjected to violence that caused visible injuries but that did not require medical attention. cSubjected to violence that did not cause visible injuries