Skip to main content

Table 2 Covariates among non-depressed controls and depressed at baseline and depression at follow-up by parental separation. Percent and significance levels from chi-square tests

From: Parental separation in childhood as a risk factor for depression in adulthood: a community-based study of adolescents screened for depression and followed up after 15 years

  Non-depressed controls (n = 155) Depressed (n = 227)
  Parents not separated Parents separated χ 2 and p-value Parents not separated Parents separated χ 2 and p-value
Baseline
Major conflicts between parents 3.5 26.2 17.97*** 18.8 44.7 17.74***
Major conflicts with parents 4.4 7.1 0.46 21.8 35.1 4.91*
Family income considerably reduced 6.2 19.1 5.79* 15.8 29.8 6.38*
Family moved to another city 25.7 38.1 2.30 30.1 42.6 3.76
Parental depressiona, b 22.1 35.7 2.95 33.3 43.5 2.38
Follow-up
Major depression in adulthood 31.9 28.6 0.15 53.4 68.1 4.94*
  1. ***p < 0.001 *p < 0.05
  2. aNon-depressed controls n = 155; depressed n = 224
  3. bQuestion posed at follow-up but is retrospective