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Table 2 Changes in the prevalence of psychotropic drug use and alcohol consumption among adults aged 60–79 years in Germany. National Health Interview and Examination Surveys GNHIES98 (1997–99) and DEGS1 (2008–11)

From: Changes in prevalence of psychotropic drug use and alcohol consumption among the elderly in Germany: results of two National Health Interview and Examination Surveys 1997-99 and 2008-11

  GNHIES98a DEGS1a Change in % (GNHIES98-DEGS1)
  n % 95% CI n % 95% CI Unadjusteda 95% CI p value Adjusteda,b 95% CI p value
All psychotropic drugs (synthetics & phytoceuticals) 313 20.5 18.2 22.9 518 21.4 19.3 23.7 1.0 -2.2 4.1 .554 -0.3 -5.4 4.8 0.897
All phytoceuticals 107 6.7 5.4 8.3 158 6.5 5.4 7.8 -0.2 -1.9 1.5 .827 -0.1 -2.3 2.2 0.956
All synthetics 223 14.6 12.6 16.9 404 16.9 14.9 19.1 2.3 -0.8 5.3 .145 1.5 -4.3 7.2 0.622
Weekly alcohol use (at least once a week) 739 48.8 45.5 52.2 1295 51.0 48.1 53.9 2.1 -2.0 6.2 .305 4.0 -3.8 11.8 0.319
Daily alcohol use (at least once a day) 185 13.2 11.1 15.5 468 18.4 16.3 20.7 5.2 2.4 8.1 .001 9.6 5.7 13.6 <.001
Moderate drinkingc 919 58.0 54.6 61.3 1659 66.9 64.1 69.5 8.9 4.9 13.0 <.001 8.9 4.6 13.1 <.001
Risky drinkingd 240 16.6 14.2 19.4 459 17.0 14.9 19.2 0.3 -2.7 3.3 .836 0.4 -2.0 2.9 0.724
Psychotropic drugs + daily drinking 25 1.8 1.2 2.7 76 2.7 2.0 3.7 0.9 -0.2 2.1 .122 1.3 -0.3 2.8 0.105
Psychotropic drugs + daily risky drinking 20 1.5 .9 2.4 59 2.1 1.5 2.9 0.6 -0.4 1.6 .274 0.7 -0.5 1.9 0.258
  1. a Standardized to the population of 31.12.2010
  2. b Adjusted for sex, age group, region, community size, social status, polypharmacy, living alone, recognized disability
  3. c Moderate drinking: average daily consumption of alcohol between >0 and <10 g for women, and between >0 and < 20 g for men
  4. d Risky drinking: average daily consumption of alcohol ≥10 g for women, and ≥20 g for men
  5. Figures in bold denote statistical significance