Skip to main content

Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Table 1 Adverse childhood experiences, trusted adult support in childhood and demographic relationships with health-harming behaviours and mental well-being in adulthood

From: Does continuous trusted adult support in childhood impart life-course resilience against adverse childhood experiences - a retrospective study on adult health-harming behaviours and mental well-being

Category Outcome (%)
   n % Daily smoking ≤1 Portion fruit and veg/day Weekly heavy drinking ≥2 Health-harming behaviours Lower mental well-being
All   7047 - 19.1 12.6 7.7 8.5 15.5
ACE count 0 3964 56.3 14.1 10.5 5.7 5.6 11.5
1 1271 18.0 18.3 13.5 8.3 8.5 14.2
2–3 1086 15.4 22.3 13.0 9.4 9.8 18.1
4+ 726 10.3 43.4 22.3 15.6 22.9 35.4
X 2    348.569 78.990 91.334 237.714 275.819
P    <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
AAA support in childhood Yes 3273 46.4 16.0 9.8 7.1 6.2 9.0
No 3774 53.6 21.9 15.1 8.3 10.5 21.1
X 2    39.187 45.067 3.914 41.286 196.572
P    <0.001 <0.001 0.048 <0.001 <0.001
UK region Luton 1334 18.9 18.1 10.9 4.0 6.7 14.5
Wales 1819 25.8 22.3 20.2 12.7 14.7 19.4
Hertfordshire 2421 34.4 17.7 10.0 7.1 6.9 13.8
Northamptonshire 1473 20.9 18.5 9.2 5.9 5.3 14.4
X 2    16.035 128.410 96.317 122.030 28.739
P    0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
Deprivation quintile Affluent 1 1884 26.7 14.0 9.4 8.0 5.7 11.4
2 1409 20.0 17.8 11.5 6.3 7.0 14.8
3 1444 20.5 19.5 14.2 7.7 10.0 16.5
4 1403 19.9 19.5 14.3 8.1 9.1 17.2
Deprived 5 907 12.9 30.8 16.1 8.9 13.8 20.8
X 2    112.981 35.957 6.230 60.510 49.141
P    <0.001 <0.001 0.183 <0.001 <0.001
Age 18–29 1630 23.1 26.0 19.6 12.2 15.8 16.3
category 30–39 1423 20.2 19.7 9.1 6.6 6.8 15.7
(years) 40–49 1401 19.9 17.6 11.9 7.5 6.9 14.8
50–59 1215 17.2 21.2 11.6 8.1 7.9 15.9
60–69 1378 19.6 10.1 9.6 3.6 3.8 14.5
X 2    128.350 101.589 82.286 160.650 2.394
P    <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 0.664
Sex Female 3815 54.1 15.5 9.0 4.0 5.1 15.2
Male 3232 45.9 23.4 16.9 12.1 12.6 15.8
X 2    71.136 98.374 159.336 128.351 0.639
P    <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 0.424
Ethnicity White 5976 84.8 20.9 13.0 8.9 9.4 16.0
Other ethnicities 1071 15.2 9.4 10.8 1.5 3.9 12.5
X 2    76.788 3.702 68.912 34.359 8.44
P    <0.001 0.054 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
  1. ACE Adverse Childhood Experiences. AAA Always Available Adult support from someone trusted in childhood