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Table 7 Risk factors for maternal depression at 6 months postpartum

From: Sociodemographic and delivery risk factors for developing postpartum depression in a sample of 3233 mothers from the Czech ELSPAC study

Risk factor Frequency Univariate analysis   
Odds ratio p-value Odds ratio p-value
Personal or family history of depression Personal history of depression 167 (5.2%) 2.9 (2.0; 4.3) <0.001 1.5 (0.8; 2.9) 0.235
Mother of the expectant mother had a personal history of depression 553 (19.0%) 1.5 (1.2; 2.0) 0.003 1.3 (0.9; 2.1) 0.196
Father of the expectant mother had a personal history of depression 154 (5.3%) 1.5 (0.9; 2.4) 0.095 1.3 (0.7; 2.4) 0.431
Factors at the time of pregnancy or delivery Unintentional pregnancy 1566 (48.7%) 1.2 (0.9; 1.5) 0.136 1.1 (0.7; 1.6) 0.806
Mother felt unhappy about being pregnant 164 (5.2%) 2.3 (1.5; 3.4) <0.001 2.5 (1.3; 4.7) 0.005
Primiparous 1570 (48.6%) 0.8 (0.6; 1.0) 0.029 0.6 (0.4; 0.9) 0.016
Gender of the child – male 1678 (51.9%) 1.0 (0.8; 1.2) 0.933 1.0 (0.7; 1.4) 0.863
Preterm birth (less than 38 weeks) 83 (3.3%) 0.9 (0.4; 2.0) 0.854 0.3 (0.1; 1.7) 0.187
C-section 241 (7.6%) 1.3 (0.9; 2.0) 0.175 1.1 (0.5; 2.3) 0.772
Newborn transfer to ICU 153 (4.9%) 1.1 (0.7; 1.9) 0.626 1.7 (0.6; 5.0) 0.322
No breastfeeding 563 (18.4%) 1.4 (1.0; 1.8) 0.025 1.5 (1.0; 2.3) 0.074
Mother under 18 years 41 (1.3%) 0.2 (0.0; 1.6) 0.135 1.0 (0.1; 8.2) 0.997
Education – secondarya 1420 (44.4%) 0.8 (0.6; 1.1) 0.167 0.8 (0.5; 1.4) 0.445
Education – primary a 1167 (36.5%) 1.1 (0.8; 1.5) 0.645 0.8 (0.5; 1.3) 0.359
Factors at the time of questionnaire Family savings 1274 (56.9%) 0.7 (0.6; 1.0) 0.034 0.8 (0.5; 1.1) 0.154
Mother living alone 88 (2.7%) 4.0 (2.5; 6.4) <0.001 2.2 (0.9; 5.3) 0.075
Psychosocial stressorsb 5.0 (0.0; 20.0) 1.13 (1.11; 1.15) <0.001 1.06 (1.04; 1.09) <0.001
  1. aWe used college education as a reference value
  2. bThis variable includes 35 questions regarding psychosocial stressors (the scale is 0-140 point), we stated median and a 5-95% percentile