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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of participants who met and did not meet IPDE threshold for personality disorder diagnosis

From: Severe war-related trauma and personality pathology: a case-control study

Variable Cases (IPDE positive)
N = 182
Controls (IPDE negative)
N = 86
Mean or proportion difference (95% CI of the difference)
Age - Mean (SD) 45.14 (9.65) 46.64 (12.15) -1.49 (−4.45 to 1.45)
Gender N (%)
 Male 123 (67.6) 45 (52.2) 0.15 (0.03 to 0.27)
 Female 59 (32.4) 41 (47.7)  
Ethnicity N (%)
 Croatian 176 (96.7) 84 (97.7) 0.01 (−0.05 to 0.05)
 Bosnian 3 (1.6) 0 (0.0) 0.02 (−0.03 to 0.05)
 Serbian 1 (0.5) 1 (1.2) 0.01 (−0.02 to 0.06)
 Montenegrin 0 (0.0) 1 (1.2) 0.01 (−0.01 to 0.06)
 Macedonian 1 (0.5) 0 (0.0) 0.01 (−0.04 to 0.03)
 Other 1 (0.4) 0 (0.0) 0.01 (−0.04 to 0.03)
Education (%)
 No qualifications 16 (8.8) 14 (16.3) 0.07 (−0.005 to 0.17)
 A levels/vocational 132 (72.5) 52 (60.5) 0.12 (0.002 to 0.24)
 University 34 (18.7) 20 (23.3) 0.05 (−0.05 to 0.16)
Marital status N (%)
 Married 112 (61.5) 61 (70.9) 0.09 (−0.03 to 0.21)
 Divorced 9 (4.9) 1 (1.2) 0.04 (−0.02 to 0.08)
 Separated 10 (5.5) 3 (3.5) 0.02 (−0.05 to 0.07)
 Single 39 (21.4) 16 (18.6) 0.03 (−0.08 to 0.12)
 Widowed 3 (1.6) 2 (2.3) 0.01 (−0.03 to 0.06)
 Living with partner 9 (4.9) 3 (3.5) 0.01 (−0.05 to 0.06)
Recruitment area N (%)
 Outpatient 175 (96) 77 (90) 0.07 (0.01 to 0.15)
 Inpatients 7 (4) 9 (10)