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Table 2 Characteristics of 36 studies considered for review

From: A systematic review of screening instruments for depression for use in antenatal services in low resource settings

Characteristics n = 36(100%) n = 11(100%)
Year of publication
 2000–2009 12(33.3) 3(27.3)
 2010–2015 24(66.7) 8(72.7)
Upper Middle Income Country
 Brazil 7(19.4) 2(18.2)
 China 1(2.8) 0(0)
 Iran 1(2.8) 0(0)
 Jamaica 1(2.8) 0(0)
 Peru 2(5.6) 0(0)
 South Africa 6(16.7) 2(18.2)
 Thailand 1(2.8) 0(0)
 Turkey 2(5.6) 0(0)
 Mexico 3(8.3) 2(18.2)
Lower Middle Income Country
 India 1(2.8) 1(9.1)
 Pakistan 2(5.6) 1(9.1)
 Sri Lanka 1(2.8) 0(0)
Low Income Country
 Malawi 2(5.6) 1(9.1)
 Tanzania 4(11.1) 1(9.1)
 Nepal 1(2.8) 0(0)
 Uganda 1(2.8) 1(9.1)
Study type
 Validation 5(13.9) 5(45.5)
 Epidemiological 4(11.1) 0(0)
 Cross sectional 18(50) 4(36.3)
 Randomized controlled trial 3(8.3) 1(9.1)
 Descriptive 1(2.8) 0(0)
 Prospective 3(8.3) 1(9.1)
 Ethnography 1(2.8) 0(0)
 Naturalistic 1(2.8) 0(0)
Journal type
 Medicine 33(91.6) 11(100)
 Nursing 1(2.8) 0(0)
 Multidisciplinary 1(2.8) 0(0)
 Social and behavioural sciences 1(2.8) 0(0)
 Se, Sp, AUC, Gold standard reported 11(30.6) 11(100)
  1. AUC area under curve, Se sensitivity, Sp specificity