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Table 3 Associations between telomere length and characteristics of patients at baseline (n = 181)

From: Leukocyte telomere length and depression, anxiety and stress and adjustment disorders in primary health care patients

  Univariate Adjusted for age and sex
Variables β P-valuea 95% CI β P-valuea 95% CI
Age −0.04 <0.001 −0.006; −0.003    
Female vs male 0.06 0.04 0.003; 0.11    
BMI
 Underweight 0.13 0.15 −0.04; 0.30 0.08 0.33 −0.08; 0.24
 Normal weight Ref    Ref   
 Overweight −0.05 0.01 −0.10; −0.01 −0.04 0.04 −0.08; −0.001
 Obese −0.03 0.20 −0.08; 0.02 −0.02 0.30 −0.07; 0.02
 Smoking status (yes vs no) −0.002 0.94 −0.05; 0.05 −0.007 0.78 −0.05; 0.04
Alcohol status
 Standard size drinks per week
   < 1 Ref    Ref   
  1–4 0.02 0.37 −0.02; 0.06 0.02 0.36 −0.02; 0.06
   > =5 0.04 0.15 −0.01; 0.10 0.05 0.08 −0.006; 0.10
Education
 Low −0.07 0.04 −0.14; −0.002 −0.03 0.41 −0.09; 0.04
 Middle −0.04 0.04 −0.08; −0.002 −0.03 0.15 −0.06; 0.009
 High Ref    Ref   
 Pharmacotherapyb (yes vs no) −0.005 0.79 −0.04; 0.03 −0.007 0.68 −0.04; 0.03
 MADRS-S 0.002 0.11 −0.0005; 0.004 0.002 0.19 −0.00007; 0.004
 HAD-D 0.002 0.45 −0.003; 0.007 0.003 0.16 −0.001; 0.008
 HAD-A 0.004 0.12 −0.001; 0.009 0.001 0.66 −0.004; 0.006
 PHQ-9 0.003 0.05 −0.00005; 0.006 0.002 0.13 −0.0006; 0.005
  1. aAssociation tested by a linear regression model
  2. bAntidepressants and/or tranquilizers