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Table 2 Predictive factors of suicidal risk among detainees in the correctional centre of French Guiana, Cayenne 2013–2014

From: Suicide risk among prisoners in French Guiana: prevalence and predictive factors

   Suicidal risk Crude OR Adjusted OR
Variables   Yes n (%) No n (%) p-value OR (95% CI) p-value OR (95% CI) p-value
Gender
  female (n = 60) 12 (0.20) 48 (0.80) 0.101 1.75 (0.89–3.43) 0.105 2.40 (0.85–6.77) 0.097
  male (n = 647) 81 (0.13) 566 (0.87)      
Age (n = 707) 29 30 0.449 0.99 (0.97–1.01) 0.448 0.98 (0.94–1.01) 0.187
Number of children (n = 704) 2.2 2.0 0.466 1.03 (0.95–1.12) 0.466   
Number of siblings (n = 668) 5.5 5.3 0.633 1.01 (0.96–1.08) 0.633   
Position among siblings (n = n = 288) 2.6 2.9 0.483 0.94 (0.78–5.13) 0.483   
Number of incarcerations (n = 335) 2.4 2.1 0.391 1.05 (0.94–1.18) 0.395   
Domiciliation
  Town (n = 423) 68 (0.74) 355 (0.59) 0.039* 2.51 (1.17–5.40) 0.018* 1.52 (0.52–4.40) 0.442
  Village (n = 23) 2 (0.02) 21 (0.03)   1.25 (0.25–6.30) 0.787 1.01 (0.11–8.96) 0.990
  Border town (n = 139) 14 (0.15) 125 (0.21)   1.47 (0.59–3.64) 0.405 0.76 (0.22–2.63) 0.662
  other (n = 113) 8 (0.09) 105 (0.17)     1  
First language other than French
  yes (n = 292) 41 (0.44) 251 (0.41) 0.575 1.13 (0.73–1.76) 0.575   
  no (n = 413) 52 (0.56) 361 (0.59)      
Second language other than French
  yes (n = 207) 29 (0.47) 178 (0.46) 0.951 1.02 (0.59–1.74) 0.951   
  no (n = 239) 33 (0.53) 206 (0.54)      
Third language other than French
  yes (n = 146) 26 (0.84) 120 (0.67) 0.055 2.60 (0.95–7.11) 0.063   
  no (n = 65) 5 (0.16) 60 (0.33)      
Forth language other than French
  yes (n = 49) 11 (0.92) 38 (0.70) 0.127 4.63 (0.55–38.93) 0.158   
  no (n = 17) 16 (0.30) 1 (0.08)      
Language spoken during interview
  French (n = 563) 74 (0.81) 489 (0.80) 0.070 1.00    
  Brazilian (n = 37) 2 (0.02) 35 (0.06)   0.38 (0.89–1.60) 0.187   
  Spanish (n = 6) 2 (0.02) 4 (0.01)   3.30 (0.59–18.36) 0.172   
  English (n = 52) 9 (0.10) 43 (0.07)   1.38 (0.65–2.95) 0.402   
  Nenge Tongo (n = 36) 2 (0.02) 34 (0.06)   0.39 (0.09–1.65) 0.201   
  Dutch (n = 5) 2 (0.02) 3 (0.004)   4.41 (0.72–26.80) 0.108   
Employed
  yes (n = 289) 46 (0.52) 243 (0.43) 0.110 1.44 (0.92–2.26) 0.111   
  no (n = 362) 42 (0.48) 320 (0.57)      
Previous incarceration
  yes (n = 344) 54 (0.58) 290 (0.47) 0.051 1.55 (1.00–2.41) 0.053 1.04 (0.51–2.10) 0.918
  no (=363) 39 (0.42) 324 (0.53)      
Sentenced drug trafficking
  yes (n = 243) 23 (0.25) 220 (0.36) 0.037* 0.59 (0.36–0.97) 0.038* 0.86 (0.38–1.95) 0.724
  no (=458) 69 (0.75) 389 (0.64)      
Sentenced for sexual assault
  yes (n = 32) 8 (0.09) 24 (0.04) 0.042* 2.31 (1.01–5.32) 0.048* 7.12 (1.98–25.99) 0.003**
  no (n = 675) 85 (0.91) 590 (0.96)      
Smoking
  yes(n = 383) 68 (0.77) 315 (0.56) 0.000*** 2.71 (1.60–4.58) 0.000* 2.93 (1.30–6.63) 0.009**
  no(=271) 20 (0.23) 251 (0.44)      
Drug consumption
  yes (n = 344) 59 (0.17) 285 (0.83) 0.004** 1.93 (1.22–3.06) 0.005** 1.00 (0.16–6.30) 0.997
  no (n = 331) 32 (0.10) 299 (0.90)      
Cannabis consumption
  yes (n = 309) 53 (0.57) 256 (0.42) 0.006** 1.85 (1.19–2.88) 0.006** 0.87 (0.16–4.73) 0.870
  no (=398) 40 (0.43) 358 (0.58)      
Abused in childhood
  yes (n = 11) 8 (0.11) 3 (0.01) 0.000*** 20.37 (5.27–78.77) 0.000***   
  no (n = 553) 64 (0.89) 489 (0.99)      
Interaction gender/abuse in childhood
  abused female (n = 2) 1 (0.01) 1 (0.002) 0.000*** 7.64 (0.47–123.66) 0.152 0.44 (0.02–11.05) 0.618
  abused male (n = 9) 7 (0.10) 2 (0.004)   26.74 (5.44–131.52) 0.000*** 21.01 (3.26–135.48) 0.001**
  never abused female/male(n = 553) 64 (0.89) 489 (0.99)     1  
Depression
  yes (n = 101) 45 (0.46) 56 (0.55) 0.000*** 9.34 (5.72–15.26) 0.000*** 7.44 (3.50–15.87) 0.000***
  no (n = 606) 48 (0.08) 558 (0.92)     1  
Dysthymia
  yes (n = 38) 19 (0.50) 19 (0.50) 0.000*** 8.04 (4.07–15.87) 0.000*** 4.22 (1.34–13.36) 0.014*
  no (n = 669) 74 (0.11) 595 (0.89)     1  
Manic
  yes (n = 26) 8 (0.31) 18 (0.69) 0.014* 3.12 (1.31–7.39) 0.010* 0.39 (0.07–2.11) 0.277
  no (n = 681) 85 (0.12) 596 (0.88)     1  
Panic disorder
  yes (n = 48) 17 (0.35) 31 (0.65) 0.000*** 4.21 (2.22–7.96) 0.000*** 3.47 (1.33–8.99) 0.011*
  no (n = 659) 76 (0.12) 583 (0.88)     1  
Agoraphobia
  yes (n = 76) 17 (0.22) 59 (0.78) 0.012* 2.10 (1.17–3.80) 0.014* 0.74 (0.28–1.97) 0.549
  no (n = 631) 76 (0.12) 555 (0.88)     1  
SAD
  yes (n = 63) 13 (0.21) 50 (0.79) 0.066 1.83 (0.95–3.52) 0.069 0.76 (0.27–2.09) 0.590
  no (n = 644) 80 (0.12) 564 (0.88)     1  
OCD
  yes (n = 15) 6 (0.40) 9 (0.60) 0.008** 4.64 (1.61–13.34) 0.004** 2.08 (0.38–11.35) 0.397
  no (n = 692) 87 (0.13) 605 (0.87)     1  
PTSD
  yes (n = 107) 34 (0.37) 73 (0.12) 0.000*** 4.27 (2.62–6.95) 0.000*** 2.00 (0.94–4.26) 0.073
  no (n = 600) 59 (0.63) 541 (0.88)     1  
Alcohol dependence
  yes (n = 124) 18 (0.19) 106 (0.17) 0.621 1.15 (0.66–2.00) 0.621   
  no (n = 583) 75 (0.81) 508 (0.83)      
Drug dependence
  yes (n = 235) 49 (0.53) 186 (0.30) 0.000*** 2.56 (1.65–3.99) 0.000*** 1.44 (0.60–3.45) 0.418
  no (n = 472) 44 (0.47) 428 (0.70)     1  
Psychosis
  yes (n = 51) 17 (0.18) 34 (0.06) 0.000*** 3.82 (2.03–7.16) 0.000*** 1.12 (0.36–3.42) 0.847
  no (n = 656) 76 (0.82) 580 (0.94)      
Anorexia nervosa
  yes (n = 5) 2 (0.02) 3 (0.005) 0.131 4.48 (0.74–27.15) 0.103   
  no (n = 702) 91 (0.98) 611 (0.995)      
Bulimia nervosa
  yes (n = 3) 1 (0.01) 2 (0.003) 0.300 3.33 (0.30–37.05) 0.328   
  no (n = 704) 92 (0.99) 612 (0.997)      
GAD
  yes (n = 182) 47 (0.51) 135 (0.22) 0.000*** 3.63 (2.31–5.68) 0.000*** 2.19 (1.13–4.22) 0.020*
  no (n = 525) 46 (0.49) 479 (0.78)      
Antisocial personality disorder
  yes (n = 245) 45 (0.48) 200 (0.33) 0.003** 1.94 (1.25–3.01) 0.003** 0.76 (0.37–1.53) 0.437
  no (n = 462) 48 (0.52) 414 (0.67)      
  1. SAD Social Anxiety Disorder, OCD Obsessive–compulsive disorder, PTSD Posttraumatic stress disorder, GAD General anxiety disorder, OR Odds Ratio, CI Confidence Interval–
  2. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001