Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline and end-line demographic characteristics

From: Secondary distress in violence researchers: a randomised trial of the effectiveness of group debriefings

Baseline demographics characteristicsa Control (n = 26) Intervention (n = 26) P value
  No. % No. %  
 Demographics
  Gender (Female) 19 73% 15 58% 0.24
  Age, mean years (SD) 29.5 (4.49) 30 (4.47) 0.69
 Highest qualification      
  University Degree 25 96% 23 88% -
  Certificate or Diploma 1 4% 3 12% 0.61
  Paid work experience (>5 years) 9 35% 16 62% 0.05
 Personal Experience of Violence (lifetime)
  Intimate partner violence(emotional, sexual or physical) 7 27% 5 19% 0.51
  Sexual violence from others 2 8% 1 4% 0.50
 Baseline emotional distress (SRQ-20)
  Violence researchers scoring at top 33% of the sample 5 19% 7 32% 0.31
End-line characteristicsb Control (n = 26) Intervention (n = 22) P value
  No. % No. %  
 Levels of exposure to secondary trauma (5 week trial)
  Mean no. of interviews(child) per interviewer (SD) 74 (48.1) 86 (45.2) 0.66
  No. of 'referred primary trauma cases' (child)      
   0 to 3 cases 9 35% 5 23%  
   4 to 13 cases 9 35% 8 36%  
   14 to 41 cases 8 31% 9 41% 0.63
  No. of 'perceived primary trauma cases'(child/adult)      
   none 4 15% 1 5%  
   1 or 2 cases 11 42% 5 23%  
   3 to 20 cases 11 42% 16 73% 0.13
  Cases found MOST distressing (choice of two optionsc)      
   sexual violence 17 65% 11 50% 0.28
   imminent sexual violence 1 4% 5 23% 0.08
   physical violence 12 46% 15 68% 0.13
   imminent physical violence 0 0% 1 5% 0.45
   emotional violence/bullying 5 19% 9 41% 0.10
   corporal punishment 8 31% 11 50% 0.18
   material need 7 27% 5 23% 0.74
   domestic violence 4 15% 4 18% 1.00
 Perceived levels of organisational support (5 week trial)
  Composite perceived levels of organisational supportd 21 81% 19 86% 0.60
   We had regular staff meetings. 11 42% 9 41% 0.92
   There was colleague at work I could talk to. 21 81% 18 82% 0.48
   While working for GGS, I felt I was part of a team. 23 88% 21 95% 0.38
   I felt that my employer cared about my wellbeing. 19 73% 14 64% 0.48
   I could talk to my supervisor when unhappy at work. 20 77% 16 73% 0.73
 Coping Strategies (5 week trial)
  In order to cope with my job as a researcher I have used:      
   Support of family and friends 14 54% 6 27% 0.06
   Support of colleagues 21 81% 20 91% 0.32
   Support of supervisor 16 62% 17 77% 0.24
   Exercise or physical activity 5 19% 3 14% 0.71
   Personal belief in God 18 69% 18 82% 0.32
   Spending time alone/relaxing activity 14 54% 8 36% 0.23
   Music 13 50% 11 50% 1.00
   Watching television 14 54% 6 27% 0.06
   Medication to alleviate symptoms of stress 8 31% 8 36% 0.68
 End-line emotional distress (SRQ-20)
  Violence researchers scoring at top 33% of the sample 8 31% 6 27% 0.79
  1. SD standard deviation indicated for mean value
  2. aPer protocol analysis of end-line characteristics (n = 48)
  3. bIntention to treat analysis of baseline characteristics (n = 48)
  4. cinterviewers asked to indicate the two most distressing kind of reports
  5. dagree with 3/5 statements