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Table 3 Comparing secondary distress in control and intervention groups

From: Secondary distress in violence researchers: a randomised trial of the effectiveness of group debriefings

Secondary distress outcomes Group    
Control Intervention Mean difference
n Mean SD n Mean SD Mdif 95% CI P
Emotional distress
 SRQ20, total score (baseline)a 26 2.38 1.89 26 2.57 1.7    
 SRQ20, total score (end-line)a 26 2.15 1.80 26 2.34 2.36    
 SRQ20, change in score (basel vs. end)a 26 0.23 1.63 26 0.23 2.17 0 −1.07;1.07 1
 SRQ20, total score (baseline)b 26 2.38 1.89 22 2.64 1.81    
 SRQ20, total score (end-line)b 26 2.15 1.80 22 2.36 2.56    
 SRQ20, change in score (basel vs. end)b 26 0.23 1.63 22 0.27 2.37 0.04 −1.21;1.13 0.94
Vicarious trauma
 Vicarious Trauma Scale (VTS) total scorea 26 19.9 4.89 26 21 4.04 −1.03 −3.53; 1.46 0.41
 Vicarious Trauma Scale (VTS) total scoreb 26 19.9 4.89 22 21 4.41 −1.03 −3.75; 1.69 0.45
Secondary trauma
 Impact of Events Scale-R (IES-R) total scorea 26 14.03 9.67 26 19.6 8.24 −5.55 −10.5; −.54 0.03
 Impact of Events Scale-R (IES-R) total scoreb 26 14.03 9.67 22 19.6 8.9 −5.55 −11.5; −0.59 0.05
Secondary trauma (ProQOL subscale)
 Secondary Traumatic Stress Subscalea 26 50.23 7.13 26 54.4 4.58 −3.98 −7.32;-0.64 0.02
 Secondary Traumatic Stress Subscaleb 26 50.23 7.13 22 54.4 4.99 −3.95 −7.59;-0.31 0.03
  1. aIntention to treat analysis
  2. bPer protocol analysis