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Table 2 Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for women vs men for different psychiatric diagnoses

From: Gender differences in psychiatric diagnoses in older people with intellectual disability: a register study

  Women Men Women vs men
  n (%) n (%) OR (95% CI)
Psychotic disorders 196 (5) 229 (5) 1.04 (0.86–1.27)
 Schizophrenia (F20) 83 (2.3) 127 (2.9) 0.78 (0.59–1.04)
 Schizotypal disorder (F21) 3 (0.1) 2 (0.0) NC
 Persistent delusional disorders (F22) 28 (0.8) 35 (0.8) 0.99 (0.60–1.63)
 Acute and transient psychotic disorders (F23) 22 (0.6) 29 (0.7) 0.94 (0.53–1.61)
 Induced delusional disorder (F24) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) NC
 Schizoaffective disorders (F25) 27 (0.7) 19 (0.4) 1.78 (0.99–3.21)
 Other nonorganic psychotic disorders (F28) 10 (0.3) 2 (0.0) NC
 *Unspecified nonorganic psychosis (F29) 75 (2.1) 53 (1.2) 1.75 (1.23–2.50)
*Affective disorders 297 (8) 279 (6) 1.33 (1.12–1.58)
 Manic episode (F30) 18 (0.5) 14 (0.3) 1.59 (0.79–3.21)
 Bipolar affective disorder (F31) 86 (2.4) 84 (1.9) 1.24 (0.91–1.68)
 *Depressive episode (F32) 193 (5.3) 165 (3.8) 1.47 (1.19–1.82)
 *Recurrent depressive disorder (F33) 64 (1.8) 52 (1.2) 1.53 (1.06–2.22)
 Persistent mood [affective] disorders (F34) 9 (0.2) 12 (0.3) 0.94 (0.40–2.23)
 Other mood [affective] disorders (F38) 0 (0.0) 3 (0.1) NC
 Unspecified mood [affective] disorder (F39) 21 (0.6) 14 (0.3) 1.83 (0.93–3.61)
Anxiety disorders 203 (6) 222 (5) 1.15 (0.94–1.40)
 Phobic anxiety disorders (F40) 19 (0.5) 17 (0.4) 1.40 (0.73–2.71)
 *Other anxiety disorders (F41) 149 (4.1) 140 (3.2) 1.34 (1.06–1.69)
 Obsessive-compulsive disorder (F42) 25 (0.7) 49 (1.1) 0.64 (0.39–1.04)
 Reaction to severe stress, and adjustment disorders (F43) 40 (1.1) 41 (0.9) 1.24 (0.80–1.93)
Personality disorders 24 (1) 37 (1) 0.81 (0.48–1.35)
 Specific personality disorders (F60) 24 (0.7) 36 (0.8) 0.83 (0.49–1.40)
 Mixed and other personality disorders (F61) 0 (0.0) 2 (0.0) NC
*Alcohol/substance use related disorders 60 (2) 126 (3) 0.59 (0.43–0.80)
 Mental and behavioral disorders due to use of…    
 * …alcohol (F10) 31 (0.9) 94 (2.2) 0.41 (0.27–0.61)
 …opioids (F11) 5 (0.1) 3 (0.1) NC
 …cannabinoids (F12) 2 (0.1) 4 (0.1) NC
 …sedatives or hypnotics (F13) 6 (0.2) 2 (0.0) NC
 …cocaine (F14) 1 (0.0) 2 (0.0) NC
 …other stimulants, including caffeine (F15) 0 (0.0) 3 (0.1) NC
 …hallucinogens (F16) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) NC
 …tobacco (F17) 16 (0.4) 27 (0.6) 0.72 (0.39–1.34)
 …volatile solvents (F18) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) NC
 …multiple drug use and use of other psychoactive substances (F19) 8 (0.2) 11 (0.3) 0.92 (0.37–2.30)
*Dementia 117 (3) 99 (2) 1.40 (1.06–1.83)
 *Dementia in Alzheimer disease (F00) 34 (0.9) 17 (0.4) 2.50 (1.40–4.49)
 Vascular dementia (F01) 15 (0.4) 7 (0.2) 2.43 (0.99–5.97)
 Dementia in other diseases classified elsewhere (F02) 3 (0.1) 5 (0.1) NC
 Unspecified dementia (F03) 69 (1.9) 64 (1.5) 1.24 (0.88–1.75)
 Delirium superimposed on dementia (F05.1) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) NC
 Alzheimer disease (G30) 33 (0.9) 27 (0.6) 1.53 (0.92–2.54)
 Other degenerative diseases of nervous system, not elsewhere classified (G31) 5 (0.1) 6 (0.1) 0.99 (0.30–3.24)
 Alcoholic dementia (F10.7A) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) NC
Unspecified mental disorder (F99) 13 (0.4) 18 (0.4) 0.86 (0.42–1.77)
  1. NC not calculated due to too few observations
  2. Number of people with at least one diagnosis of different psychiatric disorders during 2002–2012, among 3609 women and 4327 men with intellectual disability aged 44 years or more in 2002. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) are estimated using logistic regression adjusted for year of birth. Asterisk indicates diagnoses with statistically significant differences between men and women