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Table 2 Probability of containment strategies for each agitation state in inpatient care at the PSSJD-AIU

From: In-patient costs of agitation and containment in a mental health catchment area

  States of agitation
Anxiety and irritability Moderate agitation without aggression Agitation with aggression against objects Agitation with aggression against persons
(AAI) (MA) (AAO) (AAP)
Estimated probabilities of different types of interventions Verbal Containment 1 1 1 1
Seclusion 0.50 0.57 0.98 0.91
Restraint 0 0 0.40 0.62
Surveillance 1 1 1 1
Probability of requiring administration of ad-hoc medicationa Nursing staff (Administration of pharmacs) 0.51 0.56 0.98 (0.43) 0.99 (0.42)
Psychiatrists (Prescription of pharmacs) 0.60 0.87 0.90 (0.43) 0.93 (0.51)
  1. aFor the specific case of restraint in AAO and/or AAP, the numbers in brackets shows the probability of providing (nurses) or prescribing (psychiatrists) thromboprophylactic medication in the case that restraint is applied