Skip to main content

Table 2 Synthesis of the main bivariate and multivariate significant results regarding individual vulnerability factors

From: Overview of post-discharge predictors for psychiatric re-hospitalisations: a systematic review of the literature

Individual vulnerability No. of sig. Studies/Total no. of studies Main significant results bivariate Main significant results multivariate
Compliance (compliance/noncompliance to treatment, compliance/noncompliance to appointments) 12/16 Protective factor Protective factor: 7 Protective factor: 6
Housing and living arrangements (own home vs rest; homelessness, staffed vs non-staffed group homes; family of origin vs alone or family of procreation) 7/12 Mixed results Protective factor: 1 Discharged to own home vs boarding home  Risk factor: 1 Staffed vs non-staffed group homes Risk factor: 5 Homelessness. Living in the family of origin as compared to the family of procreation or living alone. Living alone as compared to living with a parent or relative or in supported housing. Patients living in nursing homes vs all other. Living with other people vs living alone
Symptoms related (alcohol/substance abuse, unavoidable acute relapse in the course of a chronic condition) 6/10 Risk factor Risk factor: 3 Alcohol abuse. Substance use disorder post-dscharge vs pre-discharge. SUD diagnosis at follow-up car Risk factor: 3 [Substance abuse/dependence. Alcohol abuse: risk factor. Drug misuse
Post-discharge behaviour (self-harm, behavioural problems, violence, homicide/suicide, abnormal behaviour) 3/5 Risk factor Risk factor: 1 Behav. Problems (e.g. violence, police involved, homicide/suicide Risk factor: 2 Self-harming post. Not grooming
Financial factors (receipt of benefits, employment) 4/8 Mixed results Risk factor: 2 Being unemployed after discharge, receipt of benefits. Receipt of DSP, unemployment Protective factor: 1 Regular job vs occupational therapy or unemployment. Risk factor:1 Being on benefits
General well-being in the period post discharge (psychosocial stress, quality of life, life events) 2/3 Risk factor Risk factor: 2 Satisfaction with treatment. Dissatisfaction with family Risk factor: 1 Dissatisfaction with family