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Table 3 Synthesis of the main bivariate and multivariate significant results regarding aftercare factors

From: Overview of post-discharge predictors for psychiatric re-hospitalisations: a systematic review of the literature

Aftercare factors No. of sig. Studies/Total no. of studies Main significant results bivariate Main significant results multivariate
Follow-up in primary care 7/8 Mixed results Protective factor: 3 Discharge plan being sent to GP. Receiving home aftercare. Contact cu GP PD Protective factor:3 Discharge plan being sent to GP. Discharge plan being sent to GP. Receiving home aftercare
Risk factor: 2 Being registered with a PCU. Receiving more family physician hours
Referral to outpatient services, type of provider and locus of care 4/7 Mixed results Protective factor: 1 Community. Psychosocial Care Center Risk factor: 3 Services being provided by the local AMHT. Referral to aftercare. Being seen by a psychiatrist during the first aftercare appointment
Post-discharge access to treatment (medication prescription) 3/4 Risk factor Risk factor: 3 Having a prescription medication fill in the week following discharge. Receiving subsidized or free medication *Receiving medication for more months No significant results
Follow-up within seven days from discharge 4/5 Mixed results Risk factor: 2 Follow-up by the AMHT within 7 days. Contact in the community on the day of discharge. Risk factor: 2 Follow-up by the AMHT within 7 days. Contact in the community on the day of discharge.
Protective factor: 1 24-h follow-up Protective factor: 1 OP treatment from CMHC team within 7 days
Follow-up within 30 days from discharge 6/6 Mixed results Risk factor: 1 Having 30 days follow- Risk factor: 1 Having 30 days follow-up (NAdj.)
Protective factor: 2 *Having two or more sessions of outpatient mental health care. OP visits Protective factor: 5 Attending one post discharge appointment *Having two or more sessions of OP mental health care. OP visits. OP mental health care. *Receiving substance use disorders treatment
Long term follow-up 4/10 Protective factor No significant results Protective factor: 4 Visiting a mental health clinic after discharge. *Receiving aftercare. *Receiving intense monitoring in the PD period
Day treatment 2/4 Mixed results Protective factor: 1 Receiving day care as a structured program No significant results
Risk factor: 1 Receiving psychiatric day care
  1. *indicates that the results are significant only for subgrups of the studied population